The effects of incorporation into a solid matrix on the photophysical properties of a nonlinear material have been of interest for some time in our group. It is well known in the literature that for a nonlinear absorbing dye to be the most effective, high concentrations are generally needed. Understanding how the larger concentration and placement into a solid matrix affects their photophysical properties is the key of this study. Here we look at two metallated substituted tetrakis(cumylphenoxy) phthalocyanines with either Pb or In as the central metal. A detailed study of their photophysical properties based on concentration allows for a better understanding of the constraints this environment has to a given material.
It is well known in the literature that for a two photon nonlinear absorbing dye to be the most effective, high concentrations are needed. The problem is that most photophysical studies in solution are done at low concentration and in a solution. These low concentration studies are important for understanding inherent materials properties but it is also important to understand what happens in a material at high concentration. In addition to this, efforts have been made to study the effects of incorporating a dye into a solid matrix environment to better understand the constraints this environment has to a given material. Preliminary results for an epoxy system reveal the formation of excimers (excited state dimers) with an increase in concentration. Excimers are forming from the triplet excited state of the E1-BTF. A rate constant for this formation is 2.6 × 105 M-1 s-1. While rather slow, at greater than 50 mM concentration the excimer is readily formed with <90% efficiency. This must be considered when making nonlinear absorption measurements since the excimer will certainly contribute to the overall nonlinearity.