Nowadays, aging of the optical components is a very current topic. Therefore, some investigations are focused on this area, so that the aging of the optical components is accelerated by thermal, high power and gamma load. This paper deals by findings of the influence of the load by laser with high optical power on the transmission parameters of the optical coupler. The investigated coupler has one input and eight outputs (1x8). Load by laser with high optical power is realized using a fiber laser with a cascade configuration EDFA amplifiers. The output power of the amplifier is approximately 250 mW. Duration of the load is moving from 104 hours to 139 hours. After each load, input power and output powers of all branches are measured. Following parameters of the optical coupler are calculated using formulas: the insertion losses of the individual branches, split ratio, total losses, homogeneity of the losses and cross-talk between different branches. All measurements are performed at wavelengths 1310 nm and 1550 nm. Individual optical powers are measured 20 times, due to the exclusion of statistical error of the measurement. After measuring, the coupler is connected to the amplifier for next cycle of the load. The paper contains an evaluation of the results of the coupler before and after four cycles of the burden.
This paper deals with the aging of optical fibers influenced by temperature and radiation. There are analyzed changes in the structure of the optical fiber, related to the propagation of light in the fiber structure. In this case for numerical aperture. For experimental measurement was used MM fiber OM1 with core diameter 62.5 μm, cladding diameter 125 μm in 2.8 mm secondary coating. Aging of the optical fiber was achieved with dry heat and radiation. For this purpose, we were using a temperature chamber with a stable temperature of 105 °C where the cables after two months. Cables were then irradiated with gamma radiation 60Co in doses of 1.5 kGy and then 60 kGy. These conditions simulated 50 years aging process of optical cables. According to European Standard EN 60793-1-43:2015 was created the automatic device for angular scan working with LabVIEW software interface. Numerical aperture was tested at a wavelength of 850 nm, with an output power 1 mW. Scanning angle was set to 50° with step 0.25°. Numerical aperture was calculated from the position where power has fallen from maximal power at e2 power. The measurement of each sample was performed 10 hours after thermal and radiation aging. The samples were subsequently tested after six months from the last irradiation. In conclusion, the results of the experiment were analyzed and compared.
This article is focused on the design of an all-fiber laser that was supposed to be used for simulating power load similar to the power load in backbone networks. The first part of the article is a brief introduction to the topic of lasers and erbium doped fiber amplifiers. The following parts present design of a fiber laser with ring cavity, and measuring the ideal length of a doped fiber and the split ratio of the output coupler. After proposing the first stage –a laser– we focused on the construction of the two following stages –EDFA preamplifier and EDFA amplifier. There were used fibers with various levels of erbium ion density, namely ISO-GAIN I6, and Liekki ER110-4/125. The resulting output power of the whole system was 320 mW. This value is sufficient when we take into account that we used only single-mode fibers with energy pumped directly to the fiber core. The output wavelength of the whole laser system was 1559 nm.
This paper is dealing with problems and possibilities of RFoG (Radio Frequency over Glass) technology deployment into the new generation optical access networks. Passive optical networks (PON) offer, except high bit rate, also a very wide range of applicability for various traffic data services. These services can be combined with different transmission technologies. The one of the most important needs upon these networks is also their backward compatibility with older analog technologies. The experimental part is devoted to broadcasting of RFoG through the designed PON networks and experimental measurements, using objective methods. The conclusion of this article is focused on the evaluation of individual measurements and considering of the feasibility of RFoG technology deployment in practical utilization.
Next-generation passive optical access networks come to the fore nowadays. These optical next-generation networks are
the response to the increasing qualitative requirements from end users. Technologies using Time Division Multiplexing
include NG-PON (XG-PON 1 and XG-PON 2) and 10GEPON. Their advantage is the applicability to older topologies,
which are operated by the original technology of passive optical access networks. Wavelength Division Multiplexing
Passive Optical Network (WDM-PON) is an alternative also belonging to next-generation networks. Time Division
Multiplexing is in this case replaced by Wavelength Division Multiplexing. Certain variants of WDM-PON use a
combination of broadband light source, optical circulator, optical phased array and tunable FP laser. Construction of the
terminal units (ONU) is advantageous because it can always tune in to the appropriate wavelength in the given optical
DWDM channel (100 GHz). The disadvantage is the increased security risk on the primary layer due to channel crosstalk
in an optical phased array (AWG). The aim of this paper is to assess the degree of security risk in real conditions. The
article includes both simulation and real measurements in C + L bands with 100 GHz DWDM spacing.