Efficient dielectric–plasmonic interconnect is significant in the design of future electronic–photonic integrated circuits that deal with large data transfer. We propose three designs and analysis of small-footprint couplers that are located at the interface between dielectric and plasmonic waveguides. To the best of our knowledge, our proposed couplers outperform all the works reported in the literature in several aspects including size and coupling efficiency (CE). Our results indicate that the optimum dimensions of the proposed couplers are determined based on whether the coupler is located in the metal side or dielectric side, or the coupler extends equally in both types of materials. The proposed couplers work over a broad frequency range achieving a CE above 88% at the optical communications wavelength 1550 nm. In addition, our results indicate that the CE can be further increased to above 93% by increasing the width of the dielectric waveguide before it is connected to the coupler. Moreover, our proposed designs provide a considerable alignment tolerance, which is needed when aligning the dielectric waveguide to the metal–dielectric–metal waveguide. Our proposed couplers have an impact on the design and miniaturization of nanoscale all-optical devices.
We propose a "slot-to-slot" coupler to convert power between optical and metal-insulator-metal (MIM) plasmonic
modes. Coupling efficiency of larger than 60% is obtained from 2D FDTD simulation. Based on this prototype, a quasi-MIM plasmonic junction is demonstrated using e-beam lithography onto an SOI substrate. The junction is formed by
depositing a thin layer of gold (~20 nm) on part of a dielectric slot. When probed by 1520-nm laser, coupling efficiency
of 36% is achieved for a 500-nm long quasi-MIM junction. Optical modulation is under investigation by pumping the
device using visible light to change the optical property of gold.
In this paper, ultra low cross talk is achieved by using a resonant cavity at the intersection between two strip waveguides
formed in a square lattice photonic crystal structure (PhC). Two PhC structures are studied: one consists of cylindrical
rods and another consists of cubic rods. The Q-Factor of the cavity is changed by increasing the number of rods that form
the cavity and by decreasing the spacing between the waveguide and the cavity. Our two dimensional simulation results
show that the latter method resulted in cross talk reduction of more than 21 dB for both structures. The overall cross talk
was -90.50 dB for the cylindrical rods structure and -105.0 dB for the cubic rods structure. The optimized PhC structures
were fabricated on a silicon-on-insulator platform. The rods were buried in silicon oxide in order to maximize the
photonic band gap and provide index guiding in the vertical direction.
In this paper, we designed different structures for PPC tapered waveguide to enhance the coupling between silica waveguide (SWG) and planar photonic crystal (PPC). The designed structures are based on changing the radii of the inner PPC tapered waveguide's crystals before and after adding extra defects. We found that above 88% transmission efficiency is possible by using extra defects followed by radii changes. We also found that changing the operating wavelength from 1.55μm to 1.558μm increases the transmission efficiency to 90% since the field is more confined at the later wavelength.
We report a 94% coupling efficiency between silica waveguide (SWG) and planar photonic crystal (PPC). This is achieved using a tapered PPC with a hybrid photonic crystal structure. The hybrid structure combines triangular and rectangular crystals.