We analyze in detail a scheme of the comb-calibrated frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) laser and study the accuracy of the laser frequency measurements. In this scheme the moment when the tunable laser frequency crosses the reference comb lines is obtained by filtering the heterodyne signal between the frequency comb and the tunable laser with a narrow band-pass filter. We show that the accuracy of the measured instantaneous frequency depends on the frequency sweep speed, bandwidth filter parameters and total phase noise of the laser and applied frequency comb. In this work we present the optimal ratio of frequency sweep and filter bandwidth for the given total phase noise and type of narrowband filter providing the highest frequency calibration accuracy.
During the last decade generation of frequency combs and different types of dissipative solitons was demonstrated and well-studied in high-Q optical microresonators with Kerr nonlinearity. However, recently, it was shown that it is also possible in microresonators with quadratic nonlinearity. In our work, we studied numerically the generation of coherent frequency combs in quadratically nonlinear microresonators via conventional frequency scan method for both second harmonic generation and downconversion processes. We revealed that under particular conditions it is possible to generate two-color flat-top solitonic pulses, platicons, using pump amplitude modulation or controllable mode interaction approach, if the signs of the group velocity dispersion (GVD) coefficients at interacting harmonics are opposite. For SHG process at each combination of GVD coefficients platicon generation was observed at both positive and negative pump frequency detunings from the linear microresonator resonance. Platicon generation was also demonstrated for the downconversion process. Platicon excitation was observed at positive detunings for the normal GVD at pump frequency and at negative detunings in the opposite case. For both SHG and downconversion processes, for the efficient platicon excitation one needs simultaneous accurate matching of the free spectral ranges at interacting harmonics and resonant eigenfrequencies. Excitation conditions and platicon generation domains were revealed for different generation methods, and properties of generated platicons were studied for various combinations of medium parameters.
We introduce a technique capable to produce and control stabilized single-frequency emission with a sub-kHz linewidth and independently soliton comb generation from a multi–frequency regular Fabry-Perot laser diode selfinjection locked to a high-Q optical microresonator. We also observed novel regimes of controllable single, dual, and multiple-frequency generation that may be useful for the creation of narrow-linewidth lasers required for the spectroscopy, LIDARs, and telecommunications. For analysis of the considered effects original theoretical models taking into account self-injection locking effect, mode competition and Bogatov asymmetric mode interaction were developed and numerical modeling was performed.