A simple sensor is proposed and demonstrated using a silica tapered fiber for sensing different concentration of potassium in de-ionized water. The tapered fiber is fabricated using a flame brushing technique to achieve a waist
diameter and length of 10 μm and 80 mm, respectively. For a concentration change from 0 to 50 %, the ouput signal of the sensor decreases exponentially from -10.04 dBm to -11.11 dBm with linearity of more than 92%. The increment of potassium concentration increases the refractive index of the solution, which in turn reduces the index difference
between core and cladding of the tapered fiber and thus allows more light to be leaked out from the fiber. This new
potassium monitoring system provides numerous advantages such as simplicity of design and low cost of production.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the potential of intensity modulated fiber optic displacement sensor scanning system for the imaging of dental cavity. Here, we discuss our preliminary results in the imaging of cavities on various teeth surfaces, as well as measurement of the diameter of the cavities which are represented by drilled holes on the teeth surfaces. Based on the analysis of displacement measurement, the sensitivities and linear range for the molar, canine, hybrid composite resin, and acrylic surfaces are obtained at 0.09667 mV/mm and 0.45 mm; 0.775 mV/mm and 0.4 mm; 0.5109 mV/mm and 0.5 mm; and 0.25 mV/mm and 0.5 mm, respectively, with a good linearity of more than 99%. The results also show a clear distinction between the cavity and surrounding tooth region. The stability, simplicity of design, and low cost of fabrication make it suitable for restorative dentistry.