Thin films of DNA biopolymer thin film are fabricated by a drop casting process on glass and silicon substrates, as well as freestanding. The refractive index is measured by elliposmetry and in bulk DNA film the refractive index is shown to be increased in the 600 to 900 nm DNA transparency window by doping with riboflavin. Further analysis with FT-IR, Raman, and XRD are used to determine whether binding between riboflavin and DNA occurs.
We investigated various types of optical fiber sensor based on novel structure of photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) including Ge-doped ring defect PCF and Suspended ring core PCF. Furthermore, a new type of fiber named C-type fiber is utilized as a fiberized sensor unit in/outlet. This configuration enabled to package the entire sensor unit in fiber form as well as could overcome prior limitations in PCF-based optical sensors such as too small holes for efficient measurand entry and sophisticated fabrication processes. The experiment and simulation results proved that the designed sensor can improve both sensitivity and response time compare to conventional PCF based sensors.
We report development of a new kind of micro-optical waveguide based on liquid core in a V-groove glass and air cladding and a similar finite element method was constructed to investigate the guiding properties such as mode distribution and modal birefringence. Through the detailed modeling, we investigate the role of each parameter such as, refractive index of core and diameter of core of V-groove structure. This work demonstrates numerically and experimentally high birefringence in this optical waveguide and different aspects of the fiber properties related to the fundamental mode and fiber birefringence are revealed. As a result, wave-guide with large birefringence is identified for opening angle of 40 degree and refractive index of 1.472.