The X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission, XRISM, is scheduled to launch in 2022, with the goal of building on the brief successes of the ASTRO-H (Hitomi) mission, and recovering the prime science objective to solve outstanding astrophysical questions using high resolution X-ray spectroscopy. The XRISM Science Operations Team (SOT), consists of the JAXA-led Science Operations Center (SOC) and NASA-led Science Data Center (SDC) that work together to optimize the scientific output from the Resolve high-resolution spectrometer and the Xtend wide-field imager through planning and scheduling observations, processing and distribution of data, development and distribution of software tools and the calibration database (CaldB), user support, and support of ground and in-flight calibration. Here, we summarize the roles and responsibilities of the SDC, and the current status and future plans, covering scheduling software, software and CalDB production and release, data transmission and processing pipeline, and simulation and other post-pipeline analysis tools. Resolve poses particular challenges due to its unprecedented combination of high spectral resolution and throughput, broad spectral coverage, and relatively small field-of-view and large pixel-size; and, we highlight those challenges.
The XRISM is the astronomical mission to perform the high-resolution X-ray spectroscopy of astrophysical objects using the micro-calorimeter array. In order to enhance the scientific outputs of the mission, the science operations team (SOT) is structured with responsibilities of the spacecraft planning, data processing and distributions, development and maintenance of analyses software and calibration database, and users’ supports. The operation concepts are established based on lessons learned from past X-ray missions. The SOT consists of the Science Operations Center at JAXA and the Science Data Center at NASA. Details of science operations plan and preparation status on SOC are summarized.
The X-Ray Imaging and Spectroscopy Mission (XRISM) is the successor to the 2016 Hitomi mission that ended prematurely. Like Hitomi, the primary science goals are to examine astrophysical problems with precise highresolution X-ray spectroscopy. XRISM promises to discover new horizons in X-ray astronomy. XRISM carries a 6 x 6 pixelized X-ray micro-calorimeter on the focal plane of an X-ray mirror assembly and a co-aligned X-ray CCD camera that covers the same energy band over a large field of view. XRISM utilizes Hitomi heritage, but all designs were reviewed. The attitude and orbit control system were improved in hardware and software. The number of star sensors were increased from two to three to improve coverage and robustness in onboard attitude determination and to obtain a wider field of view sun sensor. The fault detection, isolation, and reconfiguration (FDIR) system was carefully examined and reconfigured. Together with a planned increase of ground support stations, the survivability of the spacecraft is significantly improved.