We have studied magneto-optical responses of gold-bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet (Au-Bi:YIG) composite films in which Au particles are embedded into Bi:YIG in two different ways. First type were samples in which planar arrays of Au particles were introduced into the middle of Bi:YIG films using a step-by-step sputtering technique. Second type were granular films fabricated using simultaneous co-sputtering of Au and Bi:YIG; in these films Au particles occupy positions inside composite films in a random way. Absorption bands associated with localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs) were observed in transmission spectra of films of both types. In the spectral range of LSPRs, samples of Au-array type exhibited larger Faraday rotation angles as compared with that for reference Bi:YIG films of the same thickness. However, given that the volume fraction of Au particles was nearly the same for both types, the
enhancement of Faraday rotation for samples of Au-granular type was insignificantly altered. Experiments showed that of the primary importance is the role of the interfaces between Au particles and Bi:YIG. Theoretical estimations showed that, in samples of
Au-granular type, air shells appeared between Au particles and Bi:YIG during fabrication. In fact, annealing needed for crystallization of Bi:YIG films is always accompanied with an expansion of their thicknesses.
In this work, we investigated the possibility of application of magnetophotonic crystals to the optical magnetic field
sensor. The structure of 1D-MPC was (Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub>)<sup>5</sup>/Bi:YIG/ (Ta<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub>/SiO<sub>2</sub>)<sup>5</sup> (magnetic material as a defect layer between
two Bragg reflectors) on a fused quarts substrate using RF magnetron sputtering apparatus. We used Bismuth substituted
yttrium iron garnet (Bi:YIG) polycrystal film as a defect layer, because Bi:YIG is well known as the magnetic material
with effective MO properties, even if it is polycrystal. Due to specially designed structure, the localized mode appeared
at the wavelength of 880 nm, which is tunable by the thickness of multi layers or defect layer. At the wavelength of
localized mode, Faraday rotation was shown large enhancement of 1.5°, that is fifty times larger than for single Bi:YIG
polycrystal film of the same thickness.
Optical properties of mesoporous three-dimensional photonic crystals (3D PCs) based on thin opal films were found to be extremely sensitive to a humidity of the surrounding air. It was manifested that the internal structure of a single SiO<sub>2</sub> sphere together with the net of voids between them in a thin opal film acts as a sponge for wet steams. Our experimental data have shown that hydrophilic internal structure of a mesoporous film sponges up (and lose) water (dry or wet steams) that influences dielectric permittivity, the latter causes significant changes in transmission spectra. High sensitivity, quick response and possibility of contactless measurements makes sensors based on optical effects in mesoporous PCs to be very promising. It concerns not only humidity sensors, but also sensors of various gases, temperature, deformation and other environmental impacts.
We present a new method for calculation of optical and magneto-optical properties of three-dimensional magnetophotonic crystal heterostructures, composed from a sequence of homogeneous plates of a magneto-optical material and photonic crystal slabs. The algorithm is based on the layer KKR technique. As examples we consider the Bi:YIG (bismuth-substituted yttrium-iron-garnet) magneto-optical plate sandwiched by photonic crystal slabs consists of (<i>i</i>) simple cubic/face centered cubic lattices of SiO<sub>2</sub> spheres in the air; (<i>ii</i>) air spheres in silicon background (inverse opals). The enhanced Faraday rotation appears at the resonant transmission frequency in analogy with one-dimensional structures with magneto-optical microcavity. However, the calculated spectral behavior of the Faraday rotation as well as its dependence on defect thickness is quite different and unusual. For instance, the Faraday rotation angle changes its sign within the photonic band gap that is due to complicated reflection of waves from 3D photonic crystal slabs.