Time integrated and time resolved microphotoluminescence studies have been performed on InxGa1-xN quantum
disks embedded in GaN nanocolumns. The results are analysed in context of current theories regarding an
inhomogeneous strain distribution in the disk, which is theorised to generate lateral charge separation in the
disks by strain induced band bending, an inhomogeneous polarization field distribution, and Fermi surface
pinning. It is concluded that no lateral separation of carriers occurs in the quantum discs under investigation.
We present an investigation of free-carrier screening in coupled asymmetric GaN quantum discs with embedded AlGaN barriers using time-integrated and time-resolved micro-photoluminescence measurements, supported by three-dimensional multi-band k.p computational modeling. We observe that with increasing optical excitation the carrier lifetime decreases and emission energy blue-shifts. This originates from the screening of built-in piezo- and pyroelectric fields in the quantum discs by photo-generated free-carriers. Due to non-resonant tunneling of carriers from the smaller disc to the larger disc, free carrier screening is enhanced in the larger disc. The non-resonant tunneling was found to have a significant role in samples with a thin barrier, as the screening decreased with barrier thickness (i.e. decreased tunneling). Computational modeling was in good agreement with the experimental results.
We present measurements of microphotoluminescence decay dynamics for single InGaN quantum dots. The recombination is shown to be characterized by a single exponential decay, in contrast to the non-exponential recombination dynamics seen in the two-dimensional wetting layer. The lifetimes of single dots in the temperature range 4 K to 60 K decrease with increasing temperature. Microphotoluminescence measurements of exciton complexes in single MOVPE-grown InGaN quantum dots are also reported. We find the exciton-biexciton and exciton-charged exciton splitting energies to be 25 meV and 10 meV to the higher-energy side of the exciton ground state, respectively. Assignments of the ground state exciton, biexciton and charged exciton are supported by theoretical calculations. These measurements have been extended to investigate the time-resolved dynamics of biexciton transitions in the quantum dots. The measurements yield a radiative recombination lifetime of 1.0 ns for the exciton and 1.4 ns for the biexciton. The data can be fitted to a coupled differential equation rate equation model, confirming that the exciton state is refilled as biexcitons undergo radiative decay.