Various processes lead to degradation of cathodes in lithium-ion batteries. Questions remain regarding mechanisms of many of these processes. Probe microscopy methods including scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) are capable of directly probing processes at the cathode/electrolyte interface. SECM uses a small electrode to perform rapid electrochemical analysis of transient species generated at an active cathode/electrolyte interface. This paper discusses the background of the SECM instrument and its application to lithium-ion battery research. We also describe the application of SECM methods to the study of cathode degradation processes observed in lithium-ion batteries. Specifically, we focus on characterizing the dissolution of manganese from LiMn2O4 (LMO) based on recent debate in the literature. We describe experiments to observe and characterize the electrochemical properties of manganese complexes emerging from degrading LMO electrode materials.