We propose the integration of color and texture cues as an improvement of a rough set–based segmentation approach, previously implemented using only color features. Whereas other methods ignore the information of neighboring pixels, the rough set–based approximations associate pixels locally. Additionally, our method takes into account pixel similarity in both color and texture features. Moreover, our approach does not require cluster initialization because the number of segments is determined automatically. The color cues correspond to the a and b channels of the CIELab color space. The texture features are computed using a standard deviation map. Experiments show that the synergistic integration of features in this framework results in better segmentation outcomes, in comparison with those obtained by other related and state-of-the-art methods.
KEYWORDS: Image segmentation, RGB color model, Image processing, Color image segmentation, Databases, Nonlinear filtering, Image retrieval, Visual system, Linear filtering, Image processing algorithms and systems
We propose a color image segmentation approach based on rough set theory elements. Main contributions of the proposed approach are twofold. First, by using an adaptive threshold selection, the approach is automatically adjustable according to the image content. Second, a region-merging process, which takes into account both features and spatial relations of the resulting segments, lets us minimize over-segmentation issues. These two proposals allow our method to overcome some performance issues shown by previous rough set theory-based approaches. In addition, a study to determine the best suited color representation for our segmentation approach is carried out, determining that the best results are obtained using a perceptually uniform color space. A set of qualitative and quantitative tests over a comprehensive image database shows that the proposed method produces high-quality segmentation outcomes, better than those obtained using the previous rough set theory-based and standard segmentation approaches.