We present a physical optics analysis of the Heterodyne Array Receiver Program B-band (HARP-B) receiver for the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT). Three sets of calculations are performed:
1. A Gaussian beam analysis to determine grid sizes for the Mach-Zehnder polarising interferometer. It is shown that an optimum grid size of 150mm clear diameter has little effect on the beam pattern and transmission of power through the system.
2. A Model of the HARP-B Imaging array is created using an ideal beam pattern for the corrugated feed. This produces an accurate beam pattern of minimal distortion.
3. The throughput and beam patterns for the whole HARP-B system are calculated. This produced beam patterns showing a high degree of symmetry with acceptable power coupling to the reflectors.
A 350GHz 4 × 4 element heterodyne focal plane array using SIS detectors is presently being constructed for the JCMT. The construction is being carried out by a collaborative group led by the MRAO, part of the Astrophysics Group, Cavendish Laboratory, in conjunction with the UK-Astronomy Technology Centre (UK-ATC), The Herzberg Institute of Astrophysics (HIA) and the Joint Astronomy Center (JAC). The Delft Institute of Microelectronics & Sub-micron Technology (DIMES) is fabricating junctions for the SIS mixers that have been designed at MRAO.
Working in conjunction with the 'ACSIS' correlator & imaging system, HARP-B will provide 3-dimensional imaging capability with high sensitivity at 325 to 375GHz. This will be the first sub-mm spectral imaging system on JCMT - complementing the continuum imaging capability of SCUBA - and affording significantly improved productivity in terms of speed of mapping. The core specification for the array is that the combination of the receiver noise temperature and beam efficiency, weighted optimally across the array will be <330K SSB for the central 20GHz of the tuning range.
In technological terms, HARP-B synthesizes a number of interesting and innovative features across all elements of the design. This paper presents both a technical and organizational overview of the HARP-B project and gives a description of all of the key design features of the instrument. 'First light' on the instrument is currently anticipated in spring 2004.