Over the last decade, frequency comb spectroscopy have led to significant developments in view of the identification of varied species and of the understanding of the structure of matter.
Highly efficient amplification of frequency comb femtosecond oscillators in the high pulse energies regime should allow future applications using this approach to Lidar-type measurements.
We report on the millijoule level design of femtosecond amplifiers near 2 μm wavelength having a great optical efficiency and compactness in order to be carrier in satellites. In addition to space applications, laser systems at 2 μm become more and more popular because they offer elegant solutions to generate ultra-broad band super-continuum in the mid-infrared and for material processing.
Our study helps to compare the optical performance of Tm:YAG, Tm:YAP and Tm:YLF crystals as active media, for designing ultrashort pulse regenerative amplifiers with a high gain and wall-plug efficiencies up to 10%. We will present our approach to ensure the conservation of the initial phase shift between the envelope and the carrier of pulses during amplification.
We primarily discuss an innovative model which proposes a gradual path towards the optimization of any regenerative amplifier using crystalline thulium-based, end-pumped doped rods. This also involves the analysis of sizing criteria based on the assumption of rod-based active media, including the doping content, the length of the rod and the beam size inside.
Frequency doubled sub 50 fs Erbium-fiber lasers are ideal tool used to seed Ti:sapphire amplifier. Therefore, over last decade large number of all-fiber laser architecture has been reported for such application. Nevertheless, the emitted pulses are usually too long due to the gain bandwidth of Erbium or the laser architecture is not made with Polarization Maintaining (PM) fibers which will be a limitation for frequency doubling. We demonstrate a new design of an all-PM erbium doped fiber laser emitting sub 50 fs pulses with high pulse energy and we study its frequency doubling. Our architecture is based on a concatenation of three amplifiers having different group velocity dispersion. These amplifiers provide numerous degrees of freedom allowing to control the output pulse duration. Thanks to this new design, the laser produces 14 nJ pulse with a duration of 48 fs and an average power of 560 mW. This is to the best of our knowledge the shortest pulse duration with an energy higher than 10 nJ emitted by an all-fiber laser around 1.5-1.6 μm. The pulses are further converted by Second Harmonic Generation to 796 nm with an efficiency of 25 %. The average power of the doubled signal is 140 mW with 3.5 nJ pulse energy. The nonlinear crystal has been carefully chosen in order to cover all the spectral bandwidth of the pump and to ensure a sub 50 fs pulse at 796 nm.
We report on a 3 W Mid-IR supercontinuum extended up to 4.6 μm based on an all-PM thulium doped fiber gainswitched laser seeding an InF<sub>3</sub> fiber. This innovative fiber presents a specific design that increases non-linear effects and shows very weak background losses. Thanks to the versatility of our gain-switched laser, all the pulse parameters have been widely optimized to generate a supercontinuum emission with the highest average power and the largest spectrum.
LMJ is typical of lasers used for inertial confinement fusion and requires a laser of programmable parameters for
injection into the main amplifier. For several years, the CEA has developed front end fiber sources, based on
telecommunications fiber optics technologies. These sources meet the needs but as the technology evolves we can expect
improved efficiency and reductions in size and cost.
We give an up-to-date description of some present development issues, particularly in the field of temporal shaping with
the use of digital system. The synchronization of such electronics has been challenging however we now obtain system
jitter of less then 7ps rms.
Secondly, we will present recent advance in the use of fiber based pre-comp system to avoid parasitic amplitude
modulation from phase modulation used for spectral broadening.