Recently, a high-order instantaneous moments (HIM)-operator-based method was proposed for accurate phase estimation in digital holographic interferometry. The method relies on piece-wise polynomial approximation of phase and subsequent evaluation of the polynomial coefficients from the HIM operator using single-tone frequency estimation. The work presents a comparative analysis of the performance of different single-tone frequency estimation techniques, like Fourier transform followed by optimization, estimation of signal parameters by rotational invariance technique (ESPRIT), multiple signal classification (MUSIC), and iterative frequency estimation by interpolation on Fourier coefficients (IFEIF) in HIM-operator-based methods for phase estimation. Simulation and experimental results demonstrate the potential of the IFEIF technique with respect to computational efficiency and estimation accuracy.
A novel approach for measurement of small rotation angles using imaging method is proposed and demonstrated. A plane mirror placed on a precision rotating table is used for imaging the newly designed composite coded pattern. The imaged patterns are captured with the help of a CCD camera. The angular rotation of the plane mirror is determined from a pair of the images of the pattern, captured once before and once after affecting the tilt of the mirror. Both simulation and experimental results suggest that the proposed approach not only retains the advantages of the original imaging method but also contributes significantly to the enhancement of its measuring range (±4.13° with accuracy of the order of 1 arcsec).
A new approach for unwrapping phase maps, obtained during the measurement of 3-D surfaces using sinusoidal structured light projection technique, is proposed. “Takeda's method” is used to obtain the wrapped phase map. Proposed method of unwrapping makes use of an additional image of the object captured under the illumination of a specifically designed color-coded pattern. The new approach demonstrates, for the first time, a method of producing reliable unwrapping of objects even with surface discontinuities from a single-phase map. It is shown to be significantly faster and reliable than temporal phase unwrapping procedure that uses a complete exponential sequence. For example, if a measurement with the accuracy obtained by interrogating the object with S fringes in the projected pattern is carried out with both the methods, new method requires only 2 frames as compared to (log2S +1) frames required by the later method.
Wavelet transform analysis of projected fringe pattern for phase recovery in 3-D shape measurement of objects is investigated. The present communication specifically outlines and evaluates the errors that creep in to the reconstructed profiles when fringe images do not satisfy periodicity. Three specific cases that give raise to non-periodicity of fringe image are simulated and leakage effects caused by each one of them are analyzed with continuous complex Morlet wavelet transform. Same images are analyzed with FFT method to make a comparison of the reconstructed profiles with both methods. Simulation results revealed a significant advantage of wavelet transform profilometry (WTP), that the distortions that arise due to leakage are confined to the locations of discontinuity and do not spread out over the entire projection as in the case of Fourier transform profilometry (FTP).