This paper presents a solution for upgrading optical access networks by reusing existing electronics or optical equipment: sliceable transponders using signal spectrum slicing and stitching back method after direct detection. This technique allows transmission of wide bandwidth signals from the service provider (OLT - optical line terminal) to the end user (ONU – optical network unit) over an optical distribution network (ODN) via low bandwidth equipment. We show simulation and experimental results for duobinary signaling of 1 Gbit/s and 10 Gbit/s waveforms. The number of slices is adjusted to match the lowest analog bandwidth of used electrical devices and scale from 2 slices to 10 slices. Results of experimental transmission show error free signal recovery by using post forward error correction with 7% overhead.
The dramatic growth of transmitted information in fiber optical networks is leading to a concern about the network latency for high-speed reliable services like financial transactions, telemedicine, virtual and augmented reality, surveillance, and other applications. In order to ensure effective latency engineering, the delay variability needs to be accurately monitored and measured, in order to control it. This paper in brief describes causes of latency in fiber optical metro networks. Several available latency reduction techniques and solutions are also discussed, namely concerning usage of different chromatic dispersion compensation methods, low-latency amplifiers, optical fibers as well as other network elements.