Herein, we report use of near-infrared low-coherent light for non-contact, label-free in-vivo detection of retinal activity in response to visual illumination. Our multifractal phase-OCT employ phase/multifractal analysis to decipher layer specific cellular activity during visual stimulation to assess the functional state of retina. Our OCT-based interferometric technique coupled with in-depth multifractal analysis differentiated retinal activities between wild-type and mice with retinal dystrophy. Our findings open up possibility of clinical translation of multifractal phase-OCT for non-contact label free evaluation of retina health, progression of retinal dystrophies, and as well as for monitoring functional recovery after therapy.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is currently recognized as the gold standard for identifying retinal structural abnormalities in ophthalmology. However, its availability is often limited to large eye centers and research labs due to its high cost and lack of portability. We present a low-cost, portable spectral-domain OCT system with a total cost of materials under $6,000. Compared to current commercial systems, our design offers 50% size reduction and over 80% cost reduction. Image acquisition interface is incorporated and displayed onto a mounted 7-inch touchscreen. Human retinal imaging is demonstrated, and performance is compared with a commercial OCT system. Based on contrast-to-noise ratio analysis, the low-cost OCT demonstrates comparable imaging capabilities.