This paper intends to show that the optical interconnection can be a substitute of the electrical serial interface in mobile
application. We designed the optical interconnection interface circuits on the evaluation boards which typically
correspond to the mobile phone and transferred the data through the optical waveguide module. There are 4 pairs of
VCSEL (Vertical Cavity Surface Emitting Laser) and PD (Photo Diode) arrays in the waveguide module and they are
used to send the strobe and the data signal in dual-simplex (i.e. Two Directions with Unidirectional Lanes) configuration.
We have demonstrated a successful data transmission of moving picture and real-time camera module images to the
main-LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) repeatedly and the still pictures to the sub-LCD at the maximum speed of 400Mbps.
The importance of advanced e-beam writing system and chemically amplified resist (CAR) coated blank is increasing gradually in high-end grade photomask manufacture according to CD embodiment of 90 nm and beyond technology node requiring because of the shrinkage of design rule in the semiconductor industry. However, many studies have been reported that CAR has several troubles and especially, CAR sensitivity change is occurred by airborne molecular contamination (AMC). So, the storage life of CAR coated blank is shortened. This problem may cause the difficulty of high-end grade photomask manufacture because it is hard to secure stable mean to target (MTT) and CD uniformity by sensitivity change, T-top profile and footing profile. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the storage life extension for high performance CAR coated blank through improvement of the packing materials.
Firstly, a variety of packing materials were collected and the selected packing materials were analyzed by Automatic Thermal Desorption Gas Chromatograph/Mass Spectrometer (ATD GC/MS) and Ion Chromatograph (IC) to examine AMC generated from the packing materials. As a result, molecular condensables such as alcohols, hydrocarbons and fatty acids were detected and molecular acids and molecular bases those are NH<sub>4</sub>+, Cl<sup>-</sup>, NO<sub>x</sub><sup>-</sup> and SO<sub>x</sub><sup>-</sup> were also detected from the packing materials, respectively. From the above results, we selected the best packing materials which generated the least AMC and the worst packing materials which generated the most AMC. Additionally, we verified photomask process with CAR coated blanks which were packed with those packing materials with post coating delay (PCD) by 50 kV e-beam writing system. In consequence, dose to clear (DTC) showed 4.6 <i>μ</i>C/cm<sup>2</sup> at 0 day PCD for both of the best and the worst packing materials of CAR coated blank. After 90 days PCD, DTC variation was only 0.4 <i>μ</i>C/cm<sup>2</sup> for the best packing materials, but DTC variation of 4.0 <i>μ</i>C/cm<sup>2</sup> showed in the worst packing materials. There was 10 times difference in DTC variation between the best and the worst packing materials. As well as, the CD variation at 0.5 <i>μ</i>m dense line presented less than 5 nm movement for 90 days PCD.