The optical properties of different cow and pig biological tissues such as skeletal muscle, adipose, spinal cord, and dura mater of the spinal cord were investigated in the spectral range of 350 to 2600 nm. The measurements were carried out by a commercially available spectrophotometer SHIMADZU UV 3101PC. The wavelength dependence on the scattering coefficient has been observed to follow a power-law decay for skeletal muscle and dura mater of spinal cord. The influence of time delay between the sample preparation and measuring of transmittance spectra on the data reasonableness was reviewed. The conclusion about the benefits of 2-μm lasers application in surgery is given for the tissue types listed above.