The most common way to enhance interaction of electromagnetic waves with matter at the nanoscale is to use microresonators and resonant optical nanoantennas. In virtue of small size their optical properties are well described in terms of multipole decomposition, namely, by first several terms in the multipole expansion. The specific multipole content of the mode is completely determined by its symmetry and shape of the resonator. Here, we classify eigenmodes in resonators of the simplest shapes depending on their symmetry group. For each type of mode, we found its multipole content. As an illustrative example, we apply the developed formalism to the analysis of dielectric triangular prism and demonstrate the formation of high-Q resonances originated due to suppression of the scattering through the main multipole channel.
The study of resonant dielectric nanostructures with a high refractive index is a new research direction in the nanoscale optics and metamaterial-inspired nanophotonics. Because of the unique optically induced electric and magnetic Mie resonances, high-index nanoscale structures are expected to complement or even replace different plasmonic components in a range of potential applications. We study a strong coupling between modes of a single subwavelength high-index dielectric resonator and analyze the mode transformation and Fano resonances when the resonator’s aspect ratio varies. We demonstrate that strong mode coupling results in resonances with high-quality factors, which are related to the physics of bound states in the continuum when the radiative losses are almost suppressed due to the Friedrich–Wintgen scenario of destructive interference. We explain the physics of these states in terms of multipole decomposition, and show that their appearance is accompanied by a drastic change in the far-field radiation pattern. We reveal a fundamental link between the formation of the high-quality resonances and peculiarities of the Fano parameter in the scattering cross-section spectra. Our theoretical findings are confirmed by microwave experiments for the scattering of high-index cylindrical resonators with a tunable aspect ratio. The proposed mechanism of the strong mode coupling in single subwavelength high-index resonators accompanied by resonances with high-quality factors helps to extend substantially functionalities of all-dielectric nanophotonics, which opens horizons for active and passive nanoscale metadevices.