Driven by the world's growing need for communication bandwidth, progress is constantly being reported in building newer fibers that are capable of handling the rapid increase in traffic. However, building an optical fiber link is a major investment, one that is very expensive to replace. A major impairment that restricts the achievement of higher bit rates with standard single mode fiber is chromatic dispersion. This is particularly problematic for systems operating in the 1550 nm band, where the chromatic dispersion limit decreases rapidly in inverse proportion to the square of the bit rate. For the first time, to the best of our knowledge, this document illustrates a new optical technique to post compensate optically the chromatic dispersion in fiber using temporal Talbot effect in ranges exceeding the 40G bit/s. We propose a new optical post equalization solutions based on the self imaging of Talbot effect.