This paper presents a multi-dimensional evaluation method of the angle measurement performance for the transmitter of the photoelectric scanning measurement network. As a distributed measurement system based on the multi-angle intersection, the accuracy of the angle measurement of the transmitter directly determines the measurement accuracy of the entire system. At present, there are few methods of evaluating the angle measurement performance for the transmitter. Multiple receivers are placed around the transmitter in a certain order and kept at the same level as much as possible. Based on circumferential closure and statistical knowledge, this method can evaluate the angle repeatability of different angle positions and the rotational speed volatility of the angular separations between adjacent receivers. The rotational speed volatility of the transmitter is important for the optimization of the angle measurement performance of the transmitter. Through experiments, we find that the method can reflect more information about the shafting, which can provide a good reference for the subsequent system upgrade.
The workshop Measurement and Positioning System (wMPS) based on the rotary-laser scanning technology has been widely applied in the manufacturing industry to provide an accurate and robust coordinate measurement. However, some vibration-related problems in the rotating machinery inevitably exist. These problems influence the measurement accuracy of wMPS and even reduce its service life. In this paper, the rotating machinery vibration analysis of wMPS is introduced. Some significant factors causing vibrations, such as the mass imbalance of the rotor, are discussed. The vibration signals of rotating machinery are captured experimentally by the three-axis accelerometer. These raw vibration signals are processed by the data pretreatment, the time-domain analysis and the frequency-domain analysis. Based on these analyses, some evaluation criteria of rotating machinery vibration are introduced. These criteria provide guidance to the fault detection and ensure the ongoing operational condition of wMPS.
Large-scale dynamic three-dimension coordinate measurement technique is eagerly demanded in equipment manufacturing. Noted for advantages of high accuracy, scale expandability and multitask parallel measurement, optoelectronic scanning measurement network has got close attention. It is widely used in large components jointing, spacecraft rendezvous and docking simulation, digital shipbuilding and automated guided vehicle navigation. At present, most research about optoelectronic scanning measurement network is focused on static measurement capacity and research about dynamic accuracy is insufficient. Limited by the measurement principle, the dynamic error is non-negligible and restricts the application. The workshop measurement and positioning system is a representative which can realize dynamic measurement function in theory. In this paper we conduct deep research on dynamic error resources and divide them two parts: phase error and synchronization error. Dynamic error model is constructed. Based on the theory above, simulation about dynamic error is carried out. Dynamic error is quantized and the rule of volatility and periodicity has been found. Dynamic error characteristics are shown in detail. The research result lays foundation for further accuracy improvement.
In this paper, on the basis of considering the performance advantages of two-step method, we combines the stereo matching of binocular stereo vision with active laser scanning to calibrate the system. Above all, we select a reference camera coordinate system as the world coordinate system and unity the coordinates of two CCD cameras. And then obtain the new perspective projection matrix (PPM) of each camera after the epipolar rectification. By those, the corresponding epipolar equation of two cameras can be defined. So by utilizing the trigonometric parallax method, we can measure the space point position after distortion correction and achieve stereo matching calibration between two image points. Experiments verify that this method can improve accuracy and system stability is guaranteed. The stereo matching calibration has a simple process with low-cost, and simplifies regular maintenance work. It can acquire 3D coordinates only by planar checkerboard calibration without the need of designing specific standard target or using electronic theodolite. It is found that during the experiment two-step calibration error and lens distortion lead to the stratification of point cloud data. The proposed calibration method which combining active line laser scanning and binocular stereo vision has the both advantages of them. It has more flexible applicability. Theory analysis and experiment shows the method is reasonable.