The laser altimeter include active transmitter and passive receiver with single pixel detector, the accurate co-alignment of the transmitter to receiver is a challenging task. A facility for axis measurement of transmitter and receiver had to be developed base on pentaprism and two dimensional scanning mechanism．Divide the optical beam before collimator focal plane into two conjugate paths with a pentaprism, one path is for measuring the optical axis of transmitter with beam analyzer. Another path is built with an infrared illuminated aperture stop, scan the two dimensional mechanism under the aperture stop, get the boresight of the receiver by analyzing relationship both detector energy and translation. Error Analysis show that the measurement accuracy of co-alignment of the transmitter to receiver is better than 5″, Prove that the current facility is enough for the alignment of the laser altimeter.
Based on the theory of radiation energy transfer in the infrared optical system, two methods for stray radiation analysis caused by interior thermal radiation in infrared optical system are proposed, one of which is important sampling method technique using forward ray trace, another of which is integral computation method using reverse ray trace. The two methods are discussed in detail. A concrete infrared optical system is provided. Light-tools is used to simulate the passage of radiation from the mirrors and mounts. Absolute values of internal irradiance on the detector are received. The results shows that the main part of the energy on the detector is due to the critical objects which were consistent with critical objects obtained by reverse ray trace, where mirror self-emission contribution is about 87.5% of the total energy. Corresponding to the results, the irradiance on the detector calculated by the two methods are in good agreement. So the validity and rationality of the two methods are proved.
The area array CMOS devices are usually used on the staring imaging space remote sensors on which the wide field angle. Only an RC system cannot match the requirement. So at present, the RC system coupled with a group of relay lens which is always used in the long focal length and wide field angle system can extend the field angle because the aberration of off axis of the RC system can be corrected by the relay lens. In order to reach the high precision alignment of the system, the computer aided alignment technology and the high precision spatial location reconfiguration technology will be introduced. Comparing with the group of relay lens and the secondary mirror both adjusted, this method fixed the group of relay lens. It made the secondary mirror be the only variable. The number of the variable of the alignment was reduced. The efficiency of the alignment was also improved and the period was shortened. The result was that the MTF of all the nine field angles was better than 0.315, which the design result was 0.345. The factor of the alignment was 91 percent.