In this study, we propose a dual-band wide-range tunable terahertz absorber based on graphene and bulk Dirac semimetal (BDS), which consists of a patterned BDS array, dielectric material, continuous graphene layer, and gold mirror. Simulation results show that the absorption at 3.97 and 7.94 THz achieve almost 100%. By changing the Fermi energy of graphene and BDS, the resonance frequency can be tuned between 3.97 and 9.28 THz. In addition, we found that when the background refractive index changes, the absorption is almost the same. This feature will broaden its applications. Finally, the influence of structural parameters and incident angles on device performance is discussed. The proposed absorber may have potential applications in photoelectric sensors and other optoelectronic devices.
A low cost and easily fabricated plastic optical fiber (POF) displacement sensor is presented. The sensor is based on the macrobending POF with a V-groove structure fabricated by a simple die-press-print method, which is easy to implement and effectively reduces the complexity of the fabrication process. The intensity modulation method is adopted for displacement sensing, which lowers the sensor system’s cost and complexity. Experiments are carried out to investigate the influence of the structural parameters on the displacement sensing performance and the proposed POF probe is optimized by changing the structure parameters. Results showed that when the V-groove structure depth is 200 μm, the length is 22 mm, the angle is 60 deg, the pitch is 2 mm, and the macrobending radius of the POF probe is 15 mm, the highest sensitivity could reach to 3.19 × 10 − 2 / mm with the measurement range of 18 mm.
The plastic optical fiber (POF) with a multi-notched structure was used for liquid level measurement. The multi-notched structure was fabricated on the POFs by a die-press-print method. When the notched structure was immerged by the liquid, the transmitted light power of the POF probe could be changed. So, this can be used as a liquid level sensor. The influence of the structure parameters on the sensor performances was investigated experimentally. Experimental results show that the sensitivity can reach to 0.0457/mm with a resolution of 1 mm, and the sensor resolution is flexible. The sensor is simple structure and easy fabrication, and it is a low cost solution for the liquid level measurement.