Based on the basic theory, information mechanism and imaging experiment of quantum remote sensing, quantum spectral imaging and quantum detection and identification, as well as the production of principle prototype, the author conducted researches on high-sensitivity target detection of infrared optical quantum squeezing that can breakthrough quantum noise limit, high resolution imaging technical solutions and imaging principle experiment, focusing on realizing of high sensitivity long-range target detection, system composition and working principle of high-resolution imaging experimental device, infrared quantum optical squeezed light preparation and injection, and quantum noiseless amplifier, aiming to resolve relevant crucial problems, which provide technical basis for the production of engineering prototype and its experimental device. Besides, based on the project assignment, the paper firstly introduces research status at home and abroad, the development tendency, and research significance and necessity, then it emphasizes the research target, research content and key technical index, as well as the overall technical solutions, solutions and feasibility analysis for key technologies. Finally, it summarizes benefit analysis, project arrangement and outcome forms.
Based on the development and application needs, Professor Siwen Bi has proposed quantum remote sensing (QRS) in the early 2001. Firstly, the paper introduces the background, concept and research status at home and abroad of quantum remote sensing, it also introduces the differences and advantages of quantum remote sensing compared with the classical remote sensing. Then it elaborates wave-particle duality, Superposition State, Tunneling Effect of QRS research basis and quantum entanglement, its basic theory and information mechanism, as well as the research progress of QRS imaging processing, quantum spectrum remote sensing and QRS calibration. Besides, it emphasizes the experimental process of QRS imaging and the production of principle prototype, based on which, Professor Bi proposed active imaging information transmission technology of satellite borne QRS technical solutions and conducted research on its system composition and working principle, squeezing light preparation of active imaging, injection device and quantum non-noise amplifier device, providing solutions and technical basis for realizing active imaging technology of satellite-borne QRS. The QRS imaging technology can significantly improve the signal-to-noise ratio and space resolution of QRS imaging information transmission. Finally, the paper summarizes the research conditions over the past eighteen years and plan for the future.
Based on the requirements of project assignment, the paper firstly introduces the needs for principle prototype, and its overall technical solutions, assignment analysis and requirement index. Then it elaborates key technical solutions, prototype technical plan, as well as project design and production of its components, besides, we also developed testing device for debugging and testing needs, when the components design is completed, we conducted components alignment and testing, overall testing, obtaining noise squeezing degree （dB）of quantum squeezed field by principle prototype ≥ 6.4 dB, and the resolution higher than 0.2 mm @ 0.5m. We met the index requirements of principle prototype and realized high resolution imaging, providing significant basis for the following relative projects and for the development of new remote sensing technology with high performance.
According to the development and application needs of Remote Sensing Science and
technology, Prof. Siwen Bi proposed quantum remote sensing. Firstly, the paper gives a brief
introduction of the background of quantum remote sensing, the research status and related
researches at home and abroad on the theory, information mechanism and imaging experiments of
quantum remote sensing and the production of principle prototype.Then, the quantization of pure
remote sensing radiation field, the state function and squeezing effect of quantum remote sensing
radiation field are emphasized. It also describes the squeezing optical operator of quantum light
field in active imaging information transmission experiment and imaging experiments, achieving
2-3 times higher resolution than that of coherent light detection imaging and completing the
production of quantum remote sensing imaging prototype. The application of quantum remote
sensing technology can significantly improve both the signal-to-noise ratio of information
transmission imaging and the spatial resolution of quantum remote sensing .On the above basis,
Prof.Bi proposed the technical solution of active imaging information transmission technology of
satellite borne quantum remote sensing, launched researches on its system composition and
operation principle and on quantum noiseless amplifying devices, providing solutions and
technical basis for implementing active imaging information technology of satellite borne
Quantum Remote Sensing.
In the study of quantum remote sensing, quantum spectral imaging. Since the beginning of 2001, after three stages of basic theory, scientific experiment and key technology research, has made breakthrough progress and innovative results. With the deepening of the research work and needs, some basic theoretical issues and cutting-edge technical problems need to be explored and studied. This paper discusses wave-particle duality of light is one of the important content. In more than and 100 years, wave-particle duality of light as research has made important progress. But the wave-particle duality of light is like what? Wave-particle duality of light like mechanism is what? Has been the most intense debate on the issue of Optics and physicists. In this paper, the author firstly summarizes the wave-particle duality of light development history and present situation of the research study, describes the research ideas of wave-particle duality of light; on this basis, the author puts forward the application of lightstring concept focuses on the wave-particle duality of light phenomenological characteristic geometry shape and movement of the content; describes the wave-particle duality of light like generated string-light effect mechanism. To study the wave-particle duality of light like two, a profound understanding of wave-particle duality of light nature, put forward a new research method.
At the beginning of 2001, Professor Siwen Bi first proposed the new direction of quantum remote sensing at home and abroad. Based on the research of fundamental theory and information mechanism of quantum remote sensing, a new concept of quantum spectral imaging was put forward in August 2006. 10 years, quantum spectral imaging research has made breakthrough progress and stage results. Firstly, the research status of spectral imaging and the background of quantum spectrum imaging are introduced. Secondly, the concept and research methods of quantum spectrum imaging, the relationship between quantum spectrum imaging and spectral imaging and advantages are introduced. The basic theory of quantum spectroscopy is described, especially the research of quantum spectroscopy imaging and quantum spectroscopy. Finally, the significance and application prospect of quantum spectrum imaging are described.
According to remote sensing science and technology development and application requirements, quantum remote sensing is proposed. First on the background of quantum remote sensing, quantum remote sensing theory, information mechanism, imaging experiments and prototype principle prototype research situation, related research at home and abroad are briefly introduced. Then we expounds compress operator of the quantum remote sensing radiation field and the basic principles of single-mode compression operator, quantum quantum light field of remote sensing image compression experiment preparation and optical imaging, the quantum remote sensing imaging principle prototype, Quantum remote sensing spaceborne active imaging technology is brought forward, mainly including quantum remote sensing spaceborne active imaging system composition and working principle, preparation and injection compression light active imaging device and quantum noise amplification device. Finally, the summary of quantum remote sensing research in the past 15 years work and future development are introduced.
At first this paper summarizes the current situation and historical development of the spectrum research, the difficulties and demand background. Then it introduces the research status of quantum spectrum and research ideas of energy distribution in quantum spectrum. We explain the concept of quantum spectrum, the difference between quantum spectrum and spectrum. We elaborate energy distribution in quantum spectrum from three aspects, which are representation, feature and mechanism of quantum spectrum energy distribution. Finally we describe the application of monochrome quantum spectrum about imaging and detection aspects and give an overview of the quantum spectrum. Based on above research results we continue to study and achieve the detection of multi-spectral imaging, which provide the technical basis for the application. We try access to an advanced stage of quantum spectrum study as soon as possible.
High signal to noise ratio and high resolution have been the goal of remote sensing. Since the classical electromagnetic wave is influenced by the diffraction limit and quantum noise limit, increasing the resolution has been close to the limit of remote sensing, In this situation, in 14 years, the author through quantum remote sensing based theory, scientific experiment and the key technology research of the three phases, before the end of December 2014 completed the study of quantum remote sensing principle prototype.
Quantum remote sensing prototype is based on the theory of quantum optics, which takes manipulation, preparation and control in quantum optical field as the experimental method. Through the experiment, the results obtained are the coherent light detection imaging resolution 2-3 times. Based on a large number of experimental studies, we completed the key technology of quantum remote sensing principle prototype, scheme design and principle prototype system. Through the test, the technical indicators of the principle prototype meet the requirements, which provide technical foundation for quantum remote sensing engineering principle prototype.
It has been a debatable problem that what the essence of light is, and how it is produced. Since the modern times, as James Clerk Maxwell setting the theory of electromagnetic up, the mainstream consciousness was occupied gradually by the wave theory of light. But at the end of 19th century, a series experimental phenomenon weren't precisely explained by the wave theory of light such as photoelectric effect experiment. Then Albert Einstein published his famous paper “On a Heuristic Viewpoint Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light”, which laid the foundation of light quantum hypothesis. While solving these problems perfectly, a new problem was caused that because the wave theory and the quantum theory are both applicable to interpret some of the experiment of light, what is the essence of light. This paper first outlines the history of optical development and current status, and states the difficulties and deficiencies of the study of light. Then we put forward the key concept of the paper called lightstring which consults some points of the theory of modern optics and physics which called the optical frequency comb and the string theory, then presents the essence of light based on the light string concept in order to make the concept of photons specific. And then we put forward the production mechanism of light ---- the String-Light effect based on the concept of light string. In this paper, we attempt to put forward a new idea of the study of the essence of light and the production mechanism of it.
Squeezed light is an important non-classical light field. In this paper, we demonstrated a designed active imaging system
which use squeezed state light instead of coherent light as light source. The squeezed state light is generated by utilizing
the degenerate optical parametric amplifier based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal. In order to obtain better
imaging results, microlens arrays are used for homogenizing the squeezed light. We describe experiment setup and
present some design result.
Considering that Double-density dual-tree(DD-DT)complex wavelet has translation invariance, anti-aliasing properties and more compact space intervals, based on the quantum-inspired parameter estimation, this paper proposed a new quantum-inspired noise reduction method based on DD-DT complex wavelet transform for remote sensing images, especially the SAR images. The general process is addressed as below: conduct a logarithmic transformation for the SAR images, convert the multiplicative speckle noises to additive noises; then decompose the DD-DT complex wavelets for each image, thus to get the wavelet coefficient for each layer in all detailed directions; consider the inter-scale correlation of wavelet coefficient, utilize the Bayesian estimation theory along with the quantum mechanics principle of superposition, calculate the estimated wavelet coefficient; and then process the data layer by layer, refactor the SAR images using the processed coefficients. Then conduct a anti-logarithmic transformation to get the noise reduction result. Compare with the results of traditional methods, the resulting images have a significant improvement in different evaluation functions such as the Peak Signal Noise Ratio, Edge Preserve Index etc. The results have also shown better noise reduction quality in the images.
A stable amplitude squeezed-state light was generated by utilizing the nondegenerate optical parametric amplifier based on periodically poled KTiOPO4 crystal at 1064 nm. We observed −4.93 dB of squeezing with a local oscillator phase locked in homodyne measurement. The imaging experiments of the resolution target have shown that the imaging resolution, which was based on squeezed-state light, is 1.41 times as much as the resolution that was acquired using coherent light as light source. In addition, the squeezed-state light was applied for imaging of the virtual object. It was found that the characters on the board were much more easily discerned with squeezed light as a light source than with coherent light. This result paves the way for further improvements of imaging resolution by use of the squeezed-state light.