In this work, a systematic study on the plasma-induced damage on n-type GaN by inductively coupled plasma (ICP) etching is presented. After n-contact metal formation and annealing, electrical property is evaluated by the I-V characteristics. Room temperature photoluminescence (PL) measurement of etched GaN surfaces is performed to investigate the etching damage on the optical properties of n-type GaN. Investigation of the effect of additive gas RF chuck power on these characteristics has also been carried out. The better etching conditions have been obtained based on these results.