This paper describes the principle of non-chain pulsed HF laser, and analyzes the reason why the laser energy dropped severely with the accumulation of shots when the HF laser was in repetitive operation. In order to solve this problem, a molecular sieve absorption device was designed and mounted in the recirculation loop of the HF laser. Measurements of flow velocity indicated that the absorption device would just introduce a small decrease of flow velocity which would not influence the laser operation. Several types of molecular sieve (3A,4A,5A,13X) were used in absorbing experiments and the experiment results inferred that 3A molecular sieve was the most effective sorbent. All the experiments showed that the average drop of the output energy was not more than 5% after 1000 shots at 50Hz/20s. Compared to the energy drop of about 40% without the device, the absorption device could significantly improve the stability of the HF laser output energy and prolong the lifespan of laser medium gases.
The spot profile and intensity distribution of output beam from unstable resonator of a DF Laser were measured. The results showed the spot was a ring with 45mm external diameter and the measurement data sufficed for the design requests. But the spot was asymmetric seriously on horizontal direction, which was arose by two possible reason, one was non-uniform distribution of the gain medium , the other was the optic-axis migration to upstream of gain medium.
A pulsed Er<sup>3+</sup>-doped ZBLAN fiber laser at 2.8 μm in fundamental-transverse-mode operation is reported. Stable gainswitching
is achieved with the repetition rate range from 0.5 to 10 kHz. The maximum laser pulse energy of up to 4.2 μJ
and pulse duration of 1.18 μs at a repetition rate of 10 kHz, yielding the maximum peak power of 3.5 W, has been
obtained. The maximum slope efficiency with respect to the launched pump power at 975 nm is determined to be 12.2%.
Pulse spikes occur by increasing the pump energy of larger than 75 μJ.
A 3A molecular sieve separation device was designed and mounted in a closed-cycled non-chain HF laser to separate the ground state molecule being produced in discharge region from gas stream in order to improve the stability of laser output energy. Experiments were carried out with several different discharge voltages and gas flow velocities, and the preliminary results show that the molecular sieve separation device could dramatically decrease the decay of output energy of HF laser while improving the laser energy stability.
SF<sub>6</sub> and C<sub>2</sub>H<sub>6</sub> are the working gas mixture of non-chain HF laser. In our work, we use a simple pumping circuit to study the influence of the electric field uniformity on the discharge characters. Three groups of electrodes with different designs have been manufactured, and different discharge characters have been got. We have analyzed the results qualitatively, and find that without preionization, uniform electric field is not the best choice to form a large volume discharge in strong negative gas such as SF<sub>6</sub>-based mixture; approximate uniform electric field may be its substitution. In such electric field the gap breakdown voltage decreases and discharge can perform much easily. The discharge channels away from the cathode surface can also diffuse together to form a large volume discharge to deposit the electric energy into the laser working gas.
The design and performance of a closed cycle, repetitively pulsed HF/DF laser is described. For obtained higher stable laser pulse energy and running frequency, discharge stability with different electrode profile and different gas circulation structure are researched. The functional relations of laser pulse energy with electric field strength (E) and gas mixture pressure (P) for various gas flow velocity are studied. It is shown that with preliminary optimized of the gas injection segment structure before pump region and optimal E/P conditions, maximal running frequency of 100Hz is obtained and operating stability keeps well. Under these conditions, the laser average power is 40W and peak power is 4MW.
In the working process of chemical oxy-iodigenne laser(COIL), the change of iodine pool pressure is complicated. As a result, it causes some mis-judgements, such as the damage of heater and the leakage of iodine steam. Further more, when the heater electric circuit is in a single working status, and after the heater switch is on or off, there exists a buffer time for the stabilization of iodine pool pressure, which is a relatively long time, and the minimum buffer pressure exceeds to 19 torr . Of course, it increases the preparing time for steady operation of laser, and reduces the quality of laser beam. In this paper, we study the iodine pool pressure of COIL in non-equilibrium condition, and analyze the mutation and the serious buffer phenomenon of iodine steam pressure. At the same time, we design an automatic control system for iodine pool pressure, which consists of five modules, such as data collection, automatic control, manual control, heater electric circuit, and the setting and display of pressure. This system uses two kinds of heater electric circuits, in this way, the serious buffer phenomenon of iodine pool pressure is effectively avoided. As a result, the maximal buffer pressure reduces to 4 torr, this makes sure that the iodine steam pressure is suitable for the operation of COIL, which produces a good condition for the steady operation of laser system and an excellent laser output.