PILOT is a balloon-borne astronomy experiment designed to study the polarization of dust emission in the diffuse
interstellar medium in our Galaxy at wavelengths 240 μm with an angular resolution about two arcminutes. Pilot optics
is composed an off-axis Gregorian type telescope and a refractive re-imager system. All optical elements, except the
primary mirror, are in a cryostat cooled to 3K. We combined the optical, 3D dimensional measurement methods and
thermo-elastic modeling to perform the optical alignment. The talk describes the system analysis, the alignment
procedure, and finally the performances obtained during the first flight in September 2015.
The Large Observatory For x-ray Timing (LOFT) is a mission concept which was proposed to ESA as M3 and M4 candidate in the framework of the Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 program. Thanks to the unprecedented combination of effective area and spectral resolution of its main instrument and the uniquely large field of view of its wide field monitor, LOFT will be able to study the behaviour of matter in extreme conditions such as the strong gravitational field in the innermost regions close to black holes and neutron stars and the supra-nuclear densities in the interiors of neutron stars. The science payload is based on a Large Area Detector (LAD, >8m<sup>2</sup> effective area, 2-30 keV, 240 eV spectral resolution, 1 degree collimated field of view) and a Wide Field Monitor (WFM, 2-50 keV, 4 steradian field of view, 1 arcmin source location accuracy, 300 eV spectral resolution). The WFM is equipped with an on-board system for bright events (e.g., GRB) localization. The trigger time and position of these events are broadcast to the ground within 30 s from discovery. In this paper we present the current technical and programmatic status of the mission.
<i>PILOT</i> is a stratospheric experiment designed to measure the polarization of dust FIR emission, towards the diffuse interstellar medium. The first <i>PILOT</i> flight was carried out from Timmins in Ontario-Canada on September 20th 2015. The flight has been part of a launch campaign operated by the CNES, which has allowed to launch 4 experiments, including <i>PILOT</i>. The purpose of this paper is to describe the performance of the instrument in flight and to perform a first comparison with those achieved during ground tests. The analysis of the flight data is on-going, in particular the identification of instrumental systematic effects, the minimization of their impact and the quantification of their remaining effect on the polarization data. At the end of this paper, we shortly illustrate the quality of the scientific observations obtained during this first flight, at the current stage of systematic effect removal.
In this paper, we demonstrate that an electroluminescence phenomenon associated to hot carriers generation of the in-pixel source follower transistor can occur in CMOS APS pixels. These effects have been observed in several process generations ranging from 0.7μm to 0.25μm with various power supply voltage values. This paper is focused mainly on the behavior of 0.5μm and 0.25μm generation. It is shown that when a pixel is selected its follower transistor can generate excess minority carriers, and that a small amount of these charges flows towards the photosensitive area to be collected. This implies a significant drop of the photodiode voltage when the amount of the collected carriers becomes larger than the junction leakage current.