For over half a century, scientists and engineers have worked diligently to advance computational intelligence. One
application of interest is how computational intelligence can bring value to our war fighters. Automatic Target
Recognition (ATR) and sensor fusion efforts have fallen far short of the desired capabilities. In this article we review
the capabilities requested by war fighters. When compared to our current capabilities, it is easy to conclude current
Combat Identification (CID) as a Family of Systems (FoS) does a lousy job. The war fighter needed capable,
operationalized ATR and sensor fusion systems ten years ago but it did not happen. The article reviews the war fighter
needs and the current state of the art. The article then concludes by looking forward to where we are headed to provide
the capabilities required.