In this paper, we present a study on the influence of interpulse delay in laser-induced silicon plasma with femtosecond double-pulse, and two subpulses have different laser energies. The meansured optical emission line collected by a lens is the Si (I) at 390.55 nm. The range of double-pulse interpulse delay is from -150 ps to 150 ps. Unlike the femtosecond double pulses with two same energies, the combination of low + high energies can enhance the spectral emission intensity, while the combination of high + low energies probably reduces the spectral line intensity compared with single-pulse femtosecond laser. The results indicate that the interpulse delay is very important for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy with femtosecond double-pulse to improve the optical emission intensity.
We propose and theoretically demonstrate a method for generating an intense isolated attosecond pulse by a few-cycle strong laser pulse. The numerical simulations show that a broadband supercontinuum spectrum can be obtained by the interference of the ionized multi-recollision wave-packets with different energies, which are produced from the laser field at different ionization instants. By controlling the peak intensity of the few-cycle laser pulse, the atom can be completely ionized in the rising edge of the few-cycle laser pulse. Therefore, the probability of ionized wave packet is large enough to ensure the continuous harmonics with high efficiency, and an intense isolated 77 as pulse can be achieved successfully. Moreover, it is shown that our scheme can modulate the duration of the isolated attosecond pulse by adjusting the initial population of the atom.