The matching area selection is the foundation of gravity gradient aided navigation. In this paper, a gravity gradient matching area selection criterion is proposed, based on the principal component analysis (PCA) and analytic hierarchy process (AHP). Firstly, the features of gravity gradient are extracted and nine gravity gradient characteristic parameters are obtained. Secondly, combining PCA with AHP, a PA model is built and the nine characteristic parameters are fused based on it. At last, the gravity gradient matching area selection criterion is given. By using this criterion, gravity gradient area can be divided into matching area and non-matching area. The simulation results show that gravity gradient position effect in the selected matching area is superior to the matching area, and the matching rate is greater than 90%, the position error is less than a gravity gradient grid.
Submarines in the underwater sailing need a safe, reliable, high accurate, and covert well navigation system. Inertial navigation system (INS) is the core of underwater navigation. But the inertial navigation system gathers information based gyroscope, accelerometer and other sensors. In accordance to Newton's laws of mechanics, their own speed, location and other information is calculated by integral recursion. Since the recursive work of INS, positioning error gradually increases with time elapsing. Gravity and gravity gradient aided navigation as a passive autonomous navigation are more and more focused on, Selection of the gravity gradient matching area is one of the key to gravity gradient matching navigation. Earth's marine area is enormous, underwater environment is complex. Take advantage of multi-feature information fusion of gravity gradient full tensor, one hand a wider range of matching area can be got, to gain wider path planning area. on the other hand, the positioning accuracy of assisted navigation system can be inproved.