A sensitive bolometric detector for visible and infrared wavelengths based on a novel assembly principle of a graphene monolayer on a nano/micro SiN membrane is realised. The basic operating principle of the optical detector relies on the absorption of electromagnetic radiation in the graphene and creation of a strong thermal gradient, rT, which is detected via the Seebeck effect: <i>Voltage</i> = <i>S</i> x ∇rT, where S is the Seebeck coefficient of graphene. A simple lithography-free deposition of two metal contacts with different electron work functions: Pd (by sputtering) and Ag (by jet printing and annealing) was used. Sensitivity of the bolometer was the same ~1:1 mV/mW at 1030 and 515 nm wavelengths.
We investigate the enhancement in the filtering quality (Q) factor of an integrated micro-ring resonator (MRR) by embedding it in an integrated Fabry-Perot (FP) cavity formed by cascaded Sagnac loop reflectors (SLRs). By using coherent interference within the FP cavity to reshape the transmission spectrum of the MRR, both the Q factor and the extinction ratio (ER) can be greatly improved. The device is theoretically analyzed, and practically fabricated on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) platform. Experimental results show that up to 11-times improvement in Q factor and an 8-dB increase in ER can be achieved via our proposed method. The impact of varying structural parameters on the device performance is also investigated and verified.