Metallic photonic crystals (MPCs) with different periods have been fabricated by solution-processed method. Scanning electron microscopy images show that the structures with their period larger than 400 nm can easily maintain their morphologies during the high temperature lift-off process. The optical properties of the waveguided MPCs with different periods have been investigated. With an increase in the period, high-order coupling between particle plasmon resonance and the waveguide resonance modes can be observed in the spectra. We found that the ±2 orders coupling of the structure with its period of 880 nm has similar tuning properties to the ±1 st orders coupling of the 430 nm period structures, which infers us that we can use the structures with larger period that can be controllably fabricated to replace the ones with smaller period. The results we obtained in this work provide reference for further applications of the MPCs.
We demonstrate the fabrication of two-dimensional (2D) metallic photonic crystals (MPCs) based on colloidal gold
nanoparticles, where laser interference ablation combining subsequent high temperature annealing is employed for the
construction of 2D gold nano-dot arrays in square lattices. The microscopic and spectroscopic properties of the 2-D
MPCs are systematically characterized by the scanning electron microscope and the angle-resolved optical extinction
spectroscopic measurements, the strong coupling between the waveguide resonance mode and the particle plasmon
resonance of the MPCs imply the success of the fabrication method, which show potential applications in optoelectronic
devices and sensors.