Fiber enhanced Raman sensing is presented for versatile and extremely sensitive analysis of pharmaceutical drugs and biogenic gases. Elaborated micro-structured optical fibers guide the light with very low losses within their hollow core and provide at the same time a miniaturized sample container for the analytes. Thus, fiber enhanced Raman spectroscopy (FERS) allows for chemically selective detection of minimal sample amounts with high sensitivity. Two examples are presented in this contribution: (i) the detection of picomolar concentrations of pharmaceutical drugs; and (ii) the analysis of biogenic gases within a complex mixture of gases with analytical sensitivities in the ppm range.
We report about the experimental combination of UV resonance Raman sensing (UV-RRS) and fiber enhanced Raman sensing (FERS) on pharmaceuticals. The results show that the chemical sensitivity is highly improved and at the same time the sample volume is reduced compared to conventional measurements. A hundreds-fold improvement of the limit of detection (LOD) has been achieved with the combination of resonance Raman enhancement and fiber enhancement. The enhanced Raman signal has a reliable linear relationship with the concentration of the analyte, and therefore shows great potential for quantitative analysis of pharmaceuticals.
The structure of the antimalarial drug halofantrine is analyzed by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations, IR, and Raman spectroscopy. Strong, selective enhancements of the Raman bands of halofantrine at 1621 and 1590 cm−1 are discovered by means of UV resonance Raman spectroscopy with excitation wavelength exc=244 nm. These signal enhancements can be exploited for a localization of small concentrations of halofantrine in a biological environment. The Raman spectrum of halofantrine is calculated by means of DFT calculations [B3LYP/6-311+G(d,p)]. The calculation is very useful for a thorough mode assignment of the Raman bands of halofantrine. The strong bands at 1621 and 1590 cm−1 in the UV Raman spectrum are assigned to combined CC stretching vibrations in the phenanthrene ring of halofantrine. These bands are considered as putative marker bands for interactions with the biological target molecules. The calculation of the electron density demonstrates a strong distribution across the phenanthrene ring of halofantrine, besides the electron withdrawing effect of the Cl and CF3 substituents. This strong and even electron density distribution supports the hypothesis of stacking as a possible mode of action of halofantrine. Complementary IR spectroscopy is performed for an investigation of vibrations of polar functional groups of the halofantrine molecule.
Conference Committee Involvement (1)
UV and Higher Energy Photonics: From Materials to Applications 2019
11 August 2019 | San Diego, California, United States