The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, under construction in Chile, is an 8.4 m optical survey telescope with a dedicated 3.2 Giga-pixel camera. The design and construction of the camera is spearheaded at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and here we present a general overview of the camera integration and test activities. An overview of the methodologies used for the planning and management of this subsystem will be given, along with a high-level summary of the status of the major pieces of I&T hardware. Finally a brief update will be given on the current state of the LSST Camera integration and testing program.
The Integration and Verification Testing of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Camera is described. The LSST Camera will be the largest astronomical camera ever constructed, featuring a 3.2 giga-pixel focal plane mosaic of 189 CCDs with in-vacuum controllers and readout, dedicated guider and wavefront CCDs, a three element corrector with a 1.6-meter diameter initial optic, six optical filters covering wavelengths from 320 to 1000 nm with a novel filter exchange mechanism, and camera-control and data acquisition capable of digitizing each image in two seconds. In this paper, we describe the integration processes under way to assemble the Camera and the associated verification testing program. The Camera assembly proceeds along two parallel paths: one for the focal plane and cryostat and the other for the Camera structure itself. A range of verification tests will be performed interspersed with assembly to verify design requirements with a test-as-you-build methodology. Ultimately, the cryostat will be installed into the Camera structure as the two assembly paths merge, and a suite of final Camera system tests performed. The LSST Camera is scheduled for completion and delivery to the LSST observatory in 2020.
We present the mechanical device used to install the Raft Tower Modules (RTMs) into the cryosat of the camera for the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST). In an RTM, the charge-coupled devices (CCDs) are packaged into a 3 x 3 Raft Sensor Assembly (RSA) and coupled to a Raft Electronics Crate (REC). An RTM weighs ~10 kg, is roughly 500 mm tall, and has a 126.5 mm-square footprint at the CCDs. The grid array which supports the RTM in the cryostat has a center-to-center distance of 127 mm. One of the key challenges for installing the RTMs in the 500 μm gap between CCDs of adjacent modules - contact between adjacent CCDs is strictly forbidden.
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Commissioning Camera (ComCam) is a smaller, simpler version of the full LSST camera (LSSTCam). It uses a single raft of 9 (instead of twenty-one rafts of 9) 4K x 4K LSST Science CCDs, has the same plate scale, and uses the same interfaces to the greatest extent possible. ComCam will be used during the Project’s 6-month Early Integration and Test period beginning in 2020. Its purpose is to facilitate testing and verification of system interfaces, initial on-sky testing of the telescope, and testing and validation of Data Management data transfer, infrastructure and algorithms prior to the delivery of the full science camera.
The Bench for Optical Testing (BOT) is a test stand that will be used for metrology and optical testing of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Camera CCD sensors, immediately after the integration step where the sensors are installed into the Cryostat to form the LSST’s 3.2 gigapixel, 640mm diameter focal plane. The BOT uses existing methods to economically verify sensor performance, including measurement of focal plane flatness, CCD sensor spacing, gain stability, cross-talk, flat field images, response in each filter band, and dark level. This paper describes the requirements, design, and preliminary test results for the BOT test equipment.
We present an overview of the Integration and Verification Testing activities of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) Camera at the SLAC National Accelerator Lab (SLAC). The LSST Camera, the sole instrument for LSST and under construction now, is comprised of a 3.2 Giga-pixel imager and a three element corrector with a 3.5 degree diameter field of view. LSST Camera Integration and Test will be taking place over the next four years, with final delivery to the LSST observatory anticipated in early 2020. We outline the planning for Integration and Test, describe some of the key verification hardware systems being developed, and identify some of the more complicated assembly/integration activities. Specific details of integration and verification hardware systems will be discussed, highlighting some of the technical challenges anticipated.