Digital diagnostic pathology has become one of the most valuable and convenient advancements in technology over the
past years. It allows us to acquire, store and analyze pathological information from the images of histological and
immunohistochemical glass slides which are scanned to create digital slides. In this study, efficient fractal, wavelet-based
polarimetric techniques for histological analysis of monolayer lung cancer cells will be introduced and different
monolayer cancer lines will be studied. The outcome of this study indicates that application of fractal, wavelet
polarimetric principles towards the analysis of squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma cancer cell lines may be
proved extremely useful in discriminating among healthy and lung cancer cells as well as differentiating among different
lung cancer cells.
The unique functional characteristics of nanostructured material are stemming mainly from a large surface-to-volume-ratio and on quantum effects; can yield numerous potential space defense applications. The objective of this study is to explore the polarimetric characterization of polymer nanomaterials, using Mueller matrix and Stokes parameters analysis. Specifically, gold nanoparticles were dispersed within a matrix of two-different polymer domains and their polarimetric response to infrared light was studied.
Small unmanned aerial vehicles UAVs (SUAVs), micro air vehicles (MAVs), Automated Target Recognition (ATR), and munitions guidance, require extreme operational agility and robustness which can be partially offset by efficient bioinspired imaging sensor designs capable to provide enhanced guidance, navigation and control capabilities (GNC). Bioinspired-based imaging technology can be proved useful either for long-distance surveillance of targets in a cluttered environment, or at close distances limited by space surroundings and obstructions. The purpose of this study is to explore the phenomenology of image formation by different insect eye architectures, which would directly benefit the areas of defense and security, on the following four distinct areas: a) fabrication of the bioinspired sensor b) optical architecture, c) topology, and d) artificial intelligence. The outcome of this study indicates that bioinspired imaging can impact the areas of defense and security significantly by dedicated designs fitting into different combat scenarios and applications.
The objective of the study is to present integrative paradigms highlighting their applicability of polarimetry to multidisciplinary areas such as space defense and bioscience applications. Polarimetric sensing and imaging offer unique advantages for a wide range of detection and classification problems due to the intrinsic potential for high contrast in different polarization components of the backscattered light. Indeed, polarized imaging can yield high-specificity images under high-dynamic range and extreme condition scenarios, in scattering media, or cluttered environments, offering at the same instance information related to the object material composition and its surface characteristics. In this study, a new imaging approach based on polarimetric detection principles will be introduced and the Mueller matrix formalism will be defined, and will be applied for space applications, such as detection of unresolved objects, as well as for early cancer detection. The design principles of the liquid crystal polarimetric imaging system will be introduced and related to operating conditions and system performance metrics. The depolarization, diattenuation, and retardance of the materials will be estimated using Mueller matrix decomposition for different aspect angles.