In this paper we consider a linearised three-dimensional thermal model for buried landmine detection. Three aspects are analysed: i) efficient numerical methods for solving the thermal model, ii) estimation of physical and meteorological parameters of an arbitrary minefield which are actually necessary input parameters of the thermal model, iii) the validity and applicability of the thermal model in real minefields.
A detailed description of the CLEARFAST system for thermal IR stand-off minefield survey is given. The system allows (i) a stand-off diurnal observation of hazardous area, (ii) detecting anomalies, i.e. locating and searching for targets which are thermally and spectrally distinct from their surroundings, (iii) estimating the physical parameters, i.e. depth and thermal diffusivity, of the detected anomalies, and (iv) providing panoramic (mosaic) images indicating the locations of suspect objects and known markers. The CLEARFAST demonstrator has been successfully deployed and operated, in November 2004, in a real minefield within the United Nations Buffer Zone in Cyprus. The paper describes the main principles of the system and illustrates the processing chain on a set of real minefield images, together with qualitative and quantitative results.
This paper deals with a three-dimensional thermal model for landmine detection problems and an inverse problem for reconstructing the physical parameters of buried objects. Moreover, solutions are given for the estimation of the soil thermal diffusivity and meteorological parameters, needed for solving the inverse problem. The paper describes the main fundamental principles of thermal modelling for buried object identification and illustrates the results on data acquired from a real minefield, together with qualitative and quantitative results illustrating the validity of the model.