Acanthamoeba keratitis is a disease in which amoebae named Acanthamoeba invade the cornea of an eye. To diagnose this disease before it becomes serious, it is important to detect the cyst state of Acanthamoeba in the early stage of infection. In the present study, we explored spectroscopic signitures of the cyst state of Acanthamoeba using multimodal nonlinear optical microscopy with the channels of multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS), second harmonic generation (SHG), and third harmonic generation (THG). A sharp band at around 1603 cm<sup>-1</sup> in the CARS (Im[χ<sup>(3)</sup>]) spectrum was found at the cyst state of Acanthamoeba, which possibly originates from ergosterol and/or 7-dehydrostigmasterol. It can be used as a maker band of Acanthamoeba for medical treatment. Keyword: Acanthamoeba keratitis, coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering, CARS, second harmonic generation, SHG, microspectroscopy, multiphoton microscopy
We have visualized living cells and tissues using an ultrabroadband multiplex coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (CARS) microspectroscopic system by using a sub-nanosecond supercontinuum (SC) light source. Owing to the ultrabroadband spectral profile of the SC, we can generate multiplex CARS signals in the spectral range of 500–3800 cm<sup>−1</sup>, which covers the whole molecular fingerprint region, as well as the C-H and O-H stretching regions. Through the combination of the ultrabroadband multiplex CARS method with second harmonic generation (SHG) and third harmonic generation (THG) processes, we have successfully performed selective imaging of ciliary rootlet-composing Rootletin filaments in rat retina.