Up to now a copying machine requires setting the document to the copy glass of the designated position. In addition to that, the copying machine of the present cannot copy the non-flat shape document (e.g. books, cylindrical objects, etc.) clearly. Besides, it cannot copy without distortion. So, we propose a next generation's document reader 'Eye Scanner.' The Eye Scanner is composed of the range finder, digital camera and pan-tilt stage system. Due to these devices the Eye Scanner is possible shape information and high-density texture image acquisition. Therefore the Eye Scanner is able to read the document by the free viewpoint and able to generate the image which is not distorted by the geometric conversion. Moreover, the Eye Scanner has the ability for high-resolution image generation by the digital camera, which placed on the optical coaxial position by the half-mirror. In this paper, we explain about the detail of the system. At the explanation of the methodology we explain the methodology about distortion correction by the free form transformation with shape information and explain about the technique of image merging. At the experiment, we show some result of distortion correction and show the result of image merging.
We propose a novel range finding technique for measuring the 3D shape of objects. Experiments were carried out to verify the principle of this technique, and effectiveness of the technique was demonstrated through the experiments. The new range finding technique, which is based on a spatial encoding method, uses a single light pattern encoded with multiple values and enables the acquisition of range information of an object in a single shot. The conventional spatial encoding method uses a projector for projecting a light pattern onto an object and a CCD camera for measuring the 3D shape of the object. In this new technique, we use an additional CCD camera to cancel the influence of the texture of the object. The additional CCD camera is positioned so that the principal point and optical axis of the camera's lens become the same as those of the projector's lens. The light pattern projected onto the object is encoded again using image data captured by the additional CCD camera. Range image data acquired using this technique is highly accurate. We call this technique the Spatial Re-encoding method or SR method. We made an experimental model and captured range data of an object form different viewpoints to evaluate the effectiveness of the SR method. The whole 3D shape of the object was successfully built using those range data. This paper describes the new range finding technique called the SR method.
An A4 page width and 300 dot/inch hydrogenated amorphous silicon thin film transistor (a- Si:H TFT) driven contact image sensor which can read more than 128 gray levels has been developed. Crosstalk due to the coupling between data lines in the multiplex circuit has prevented high gray scale reading. In order to eliminate crosstalk, a sensor with a new multiplex structure has been developed with a ground mesh shield layer inserted at the crossover points between each data line. The ground mesh shield pattern was designed to optimize the gray scale reproduction ratio R. With this sensor, R is more than 0.992 for a single bit, thus achieving 128 levels of gray. This design was compared to the performance of two other sensors, one without a ground mesh shield, the other using a data line meander pattern. This technology is also applicable to higher performance image sensors with greater than 400 dot/inch resolution.
A high performance page width linear image sensor with a new multiplex structure called 'meander lines' has been developed. The sensor has an A3 page width (310 mm) with resolution of 400 dot per inch (DPI) and is operated at 4 MHz. The meander lines have been adopted to eliminate the crosstalk coupling and also to get small line capacitance closely related to high photoresponsivity. The sensor achieved a photoresponsivity of 20 V/lx(DOT)s and more than 64 gray scale reading capability. A compact image scanning unit was made of size 420 mm (W) X 130 mm (L) X 30 mm (H). It was tested and the reproduced image was good quality.