One of the main problems in tasks of laser beam propagation though Earth’s atmosphere is decrease the efficiency of the optic-electronic systems operation due to atmospheric turbulence influence that leads to laser beam’s wavefront distortions. Use of fast adaptive optical system are suggested to solve this problem. It allows to compensate the wavefront distortions, which upper bound of the spectrum is up to 150 Hz, in real time. Owing to the fact that adaptive optical system is discrete (it’s defined by digital camera included in the system), the sampling rate shall be at least 1500 Hz (frames per second).
An adaptive optical system that implements a phase conjugation algorithm designed to compensate for the effect of atmospheric turbulence the propagating laser beam is presented. The system allows compensating for the influence of atmospheric disturbances up to 200 Hz (in terms of sine). To achieve the compensation effect system operates at a frequency of 2000 Hz (in terms of fps - frames per second). Such high performance can be achieved only when using FPGA as the master control element of the system. The results of correction of disturbances obtained by using a heat fan, simulating the turbulence to frequencies of 200 Hz, are presented.
In tasks related to free-space communications, a significant role has a turbulent atmosphere which influences lead to a decrease in the efficiency of systems. Since the characteristic turbulence spectrum rarely exceeds 100 Hz for typical paths, it is proposed to use a discrete adaptive optical system with a frequency of 1500 frames per second to reduce the influence of the atmosphere. The structure of the system based on the use of FPGA as a computing device as well as the main results associated with the correction of both static and dynamic components of aberrations are presented.