We investigate possibilities of using a multicore fiber containing fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in sensing applications. We use the advantages of the femtosecond point-by-point technique to inscribe FBGs in the selected cores of polyimidecoated 7-core fiber. Besides the results on 3D shape sensing we present new approaches for acoustic wave detection and environment refractive index sensing. In particular, we show that spatial division multiplexing with a multicore fiber allows one to create multipoint acoustic sensor based on a single laser source. In addition, to detect the change in environment refractive index by using point-by-point FBG, there is no need in fiber coating removal. Thus, durability of the fiber along with the FBG inscription approach is of great potential for fabrication of next generation multiple parameter sensors.
Experimental investigation of thermochemical laser-induced periodic surface structures (TLIPSS) formation on metal films (Ti, Cr, Ni, NiCr) at different processing conditions is presented. The hypothesis that the TLIPSS formation depends significantly on parabolic rate constant for oxide thin film growth is discussed. Evidently, low value of this parameter for Ni is the reason of TLIPSS absence on Ni and NiCr film with low Cr content. The effect of simultaneous ablative (with period ≈λ) and thermochemical (with period ≈λ) LIPSS formation was observed. The formation of structures after TLIPSS selective etching was demonstrated.