The control system of adaptive optic of a large astronomical segmentated telescope was designed and tested. The dynamic model and the amplitude-frequency analysis of the new magnetic rheology (MR) drive are presented. The loop controlled drive consists of hydrostatic carrier, MR hydraulic loop controlling system, elastic thin wall seal, stainless seal which are united in a single three coordinate manipulator. This combination ensures short positioning error δφ⪅50 nm and small time of response. The main feature of a large astronomical telescope (diameter 25 m) is the large number (in our case 512) of primary mirror segments usage, which are united in one reflecting system. This design makes easier the problem of the primary mirror manufacturing but brings another problem to ensure precise movement of every mirror segment movement and to provides a perfect coincidence of the mirror segments constantly. Suggested parameters of the drive, based on magnetic rheology (MR) liquid are: precision δφ⪅50 nm, time of response T≤0.2 s. Error of positioning of loop-controlled MR drive may be expressed: δφ = δ<SUB>r</SUB> + δ<SUB>db</SUB> + δ<SUB>f</SUB> + δ<SUB>i</SUB>, where δ<SUB>r</SUB> -- 'reproduction' error (depends on drive structure and controlling system, and in our case the drive ensures δ<SUB>r</SUB> = 0); δ<SUB>db</SUB> -- 'disturbance' error (δ<SUB>db</SUB> = 5...10 nm); δ<SUB>f</SUB> -- error, because of static friction forces action (δ<SUB>f</SUB> equals k<SUB>t</SUB> x F<SUB>st</SUB> = 2 x I<SUB>s</SUB>/k<SUB>i</SUB> = 30 nm, where k<SUB>t</SUB> -- transformation coefficient of the drive; F<SUB>st</SUB> -- static force in the drive; I<SUB>s</SUB> -- 'starting' current in the drive; k<SUB>i</SUB> -- transformation coefficient of the measuring system); δ<SUB>i</SUB> -- 'instrumental' error. In case of a laser interferometer usage δ<SUB>i</SUB> = 10 nm and the summarized error is δφ≤50 nm. Time of response T of the drive depends mainly on the combination of time constants of the next elements: MR-valve T<SUB>m</SUB>, elastic elements (pipes, thin-wall tubes, bellows) T<SUB>el</SUB>, moved object (mirror segments) T<SUB>s</SUB>. Experiments show what the MR drive ensures: T<SUB>m</SUB> = 20 ms, T<SUB>cl</SUB> = 20 ms, T<SUB>s</SUB> = 100 ms. Analysis of the amplitude-frequency graphs shows, that the MR-drive ensures summarized time of response till T≤110 ms.
The design, parameters and the amplitude-frequency analysis of the new magnetic rheology (MR) drive are presented. The combination of hydrostatic carrier, MR hydraulic loop control, elastic thin wall seal joined in a single unit ensures small positioning error nm and small time of response T <EQ 200 ms.
The manipulators of scanning tunneling microscope (STM) usually use 'long-travel' mechanically drived X-Y stages with piezoceramic actuators together with piezoceramic tubes. Magnetic- and electric Rheology manipulators combine the functions of the both drives in single unit and ensure the precision and the length of the travel L <EQ 200 mm along X, Y axes and L <EQ 400 mic along Z axe. Error of positioning of loop-contorlled MR- and ER drive may be expressed.
The main feature of large ten-meter telescope is usage of 84 primary mirror segments which are united in one reflecting system. This decision makes easier the problem of the primary mirror manufacturing but brings another task -- drives designing for every mirror segment moving with high precision (nanometer accuracy) which provides perfect coincidence of mirror segments constantly. There are suggested two variants of the drive construction based on magnetic-rheology liquid. This drive provides nanometer precision and millisecond quickaction.