To provide fabless designers the same advantage as Integrated Device Manufacturer (IDMs), a design-oriented litho
model has been calibrated and an automated lithography (litho) hotspot detection and fixing flow has been implemented
during final routing optimization.
This paper shows how a design-oriented litho model was built and used to automate a litho hotspot fixing design flow.
The model, calibrated and validated against post-OPC contour data at 99%, was embedded into a Litho Physical
Analyzer (LPA) tech file. It allowed the litho contour of drawn layouts to be simulated at full chip level to detect litho
hotspots and to provide fixing guidelines. Automated hotspots fixing was hence made possible by feeding the guidelines
to the fixing tools in an industry based integrated flow. Post-fixing incremental checks were also performed to converge
to a clean design.