Photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are one of the most promising materials for biosensors construction due to their unique optical properties. The modification of PCF by noble metal nanoparticles (NPs) provides the SPR and SERS signal detection where as the application amino group-containing compounds allows efficient binding of biomolecules. In this work the internal surface of glass hollow core photonic crystal fibers (HC-PCFs) has been modified Ag and Au nanoparticles using three different approaches. PCFs were treated by: 1) mixture of NPs and precursors for silanization (tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and (3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane (APTES)); 2) alternately deposition of polyelectrolytes and NPs, 3) mixture of chitosan with NPs. The shift of local maxima in the HC-PCF transmission spectrum has been selected as a signal for estimating the amount of NPs on the HC-PCF inner surface. The most efficient techniques were the chitosan application for Ag NPs and silanization for Au NPs. The obtaining PCFs could be useful for creating biosensitive elements.