Tamm plasmon-polariton (TPP) is an optical analogue of Tamm state and appears as spatial localization of the
electromagnetic field near the boundary of one-dimensional photonic crystal (PC) (distributed Bragg reflector) and a
metal film. TPP can be detected experimentally as a narrow resonance in the reflectance or transmittance spectrum
of a PC/metal structure. Contrary to surface plasmon-polariton TPP occurs at any angles of incident light for both TE and TM polarizations, and it excitation does not require sophisticated optical schemes (such as Kretchmann scheme). The peculiarities of TPP optical properties led to considerable interest to the design, fabrication and study of TPP-supported structures in the past several years.
In present work, the ultrafast relaxation dynamics of TPP excited in the PC/metal structures is measured using intensity cross-correlation scheme. The TPP lifetime is obtained for different polarizations and incident angles of light, and compared with one obtained from numerical calculations. A femtosecond pulse reflected from such a structure is found to be significantly distorted if its spectrum overlaps with the TPP resonance. The TPP lifetime possesses strong polarization and angular dependence and is shown to vary from 20 fs for p-polarized light to 40 fs for s-polarized light at a 45◦ angle of incidence. The reported lifetime of TPP is several times smaller than the previously reported lifetime of surface plasmons. Short lifetime and sharpness of resonance make TPP a good candidate for use in all-optical switches and modulators.
In this paper we report on fabrication of a nanocomposite based on CdSe quantum dots mixed with commercial photoresist ORMOCOMP and proved its high structurability by direct laser writing. The distribution of quantum dots was visualised by transmission electron microscopy and the quality and geometrical parameters of the structures were studied by optical and atomic force microscopy. We manufactured a novel photonic device for Bloch surface electromagnetic waves in photonic crystals and thoroughly studied their propagation by both leakage microscopy and back focal plane imaging methods. By z-scan method we measured the nonlinear Kerr coefficient of quantum dots. Its high value makes the manufactured photonic device promising for all-optical switching applications.
Tamm plasmon-polaritons (TPPs) have attracted many interest due to the peculiarities of their optical properties. TPPs are optical surface states, which can be excited at the boundary of distributed Bragg reflector and metal film. Like in case of surface plasmon-polaritons or surface electromagnetic waves excitation, the emergence of the TPP leads to the localization of the electromagnetic field near the DBR/metal interface. Experimentally, TPP can be detected by a narrow resonance in reflectance or transmittance spectrum of the DBR/metal structure. Tamm plasmon-polaritons were proposed to be used in several types of novel optical elements, such as sensors and lasers. It was also shown that TPPs can be effectively coupled with other localized states like surface plasmons and microcavity modes. In this contribution the direct measurements of the Tamm plasmon-polariton relaxation dynamics are presented. The lifetime of the TPP in one-dimensional photonic crystal is estimated experimentally and compared to the results of numerical calculations. The dependence of the lifetime on the angle of incidence and duration of the incident pulse is supported by numerical studies performed with the finite difference time-domain technique.
We have studied an influence of Tamm plasmon-polaritons (TPPs) excitation on the nonlinear-optical response of one-dimensional photonic crystal/metal structures. It was shown that in case when the fundamental radiation is in resonance with the TPP, second-harmonic generation in the sample is enhanced over two times of magnitude in comparison with a bare metal film. Using methods of nonlinear transfer matrices it was demonstrated that the third-order nonlinear response of a metal/dielectric heterostructure, when both fundamental and third-harmonic radiation are in resonance with the first- and third-order TPPs respectively, can be enhanced via two mechanisms: fundamental field localization and optical harmonic resonant tunneling. The overall enhancement of the third harmonic generation in that case can exceed three orders of magnitude in comparison with the non-resonant case.
Temporal profile distortion of a femtosecond pulse reflected from one-dimensional plasmonic crystal have been
studied using time-resolved cross-correlation technique. Spectral dependences of cross-correlation functions show
that SPP resonance with Fano-type lineshape strongly disturbs reflected pulse on picosecond timescale.