In this paper we consider nonlinear impairments of mode division multiplexed signals with QAM modulation in optical fibers with linear mode coupling of spatial modes. We simulate simultaneous propagation of fundamental mode and two first-order vortex modes in standard single mode fiber at 850 nm and propagation of fundamental mode and first- and second-order vortices in step-index fiber with enlarged core at 1550 nm. Simulation results shows that in strong coupling regime linear coupling lead to sufficient increasing of nonlinear impairments, but QAM-modulated signal is more robust to this effect than OOK modulated signal.
In this paper physical effects caused by macro- and micro bends of optical fiber including additional mode-dependent loss, mode coupling and spurious mode excitation in fiber MDM-system are considered. The effects described below can dramatically decrease capacity and maximum data rate in such systems because of inevitability of fiber bends due to system exploitation thus making MDM-system commercialization much more difficult and expensive. Mathematical approach used to describe these effects and applied in the simulation model is based on well- known refractive index profile approximation  of bent step-index fibers and mathematical field coupling model .
In this paper an on-chip device capable of wavelength-selective generation of vortex beams is demonstrated. The device is realized by integrating a spiral phase-plate onto a MEMS tunable Fabry-Perot filter. This vortex-MEMS filter, being capable of functioning simultaneously in wavelength and orbital angular momentum (OAM) domains at around 1550 nm, is considered as a compact, robust and cost-effective solution for simultaneous OAM- and WDM optical communications. Experimental spectra for azimuthal orders 1, 2 and 3 show OAM state purity >92% across 30 nm wavelength range. A demonstration of multi-channel transmission is carried out as a proof of concept.
In this paper the possibility of pipeline diagnostics using the optical fiber grid spherical gauge is considered. Constructions of a fiber grid on the basis of multimode fibers and fiber Bragg gratings have been investigated. Breadboard models of different gauge constructions have been implemented and investigated. It has been established experimentally, that the gauge design based on the fiber Bragg gratings possesses higher sensitivity for deformation. However, the gauge based on the multimode fiber is more robust to the temperature influence.
In this paper we demonstrate computer simulation results obtained for the coherent mode division multiplexed (MDM) 5x5 QPSK transmission using principal modes (PMs) of the stepped-index few-mode fiber (FMF) as a basis of independent signal carriers. The output signal recovering and the fiber propagation matrix determination are considered to be carried out in optical domain by means of reconfigurable multibranch diffractive optical elements (DOEs). Both the cases of Gaussian and Nyquist raised-cosine pulse shaping are considered for optical signal modulation. The simulation results show, that the transmission in the basis of PMs in strong coupling regime allows the reliability of the coherent MDM system to be fundamentally improved. As a result, utilization of the optical signal processing for MDM transmission could minimize substantially the DSP circuit complexity required for the real-time recovering of the transmitted signal.
Transmission of optical beams with phase front vorticity through relevant distances in optical fibers poses a problem of time-dependent intermodal interference with random complex coefficients. In this paper we propose a method for compensation of interference between LP-modes, propagating through the optical fiber. To implement optical-domain modal filtering, reconfigurable diffractive optical element matched with particular modes is considered. Such an element may be encoded as phase-only hologram by means of SLM. With this approach modes can be separated spatially in the compensating diffractive element far field and handled independently with corresponding complex coefficients. Efficiency of the proposed method is confirmed by computer simulation results.
In this paper we introduce a novel method for mode-coupling compensation in MDM systems based on the adaptive optics. This approach is intended to minimize significantly the computational complexity required for digital signal processing, because only computation of diffraction optical element transmission function is performed and no real time signal processing is required to compensate for intermodal interference. Therefore, existing challenges of MIMO MDM systems, such as DSP performance limits and increasing power consumption, might be overcome.