This article analyzes the features of fostering optoelectronic students’ innovative practical ability based on the knowledge structure of optoelectronic disciplines, which not only reveals the common law of cultivating students' innovative practical ability, but also considers the characteristics of the major: (1) The basic theory is difficult, and the close combination of science and technology is obvious; (2)With the integration of optics, mechanics, electronics and computer, the system technology is comprehensive; (3) It has both leading-edge theory and practical applications, so the benefit of cultivating optoelectronic students is high ; (4) The equipment is precise and the practice is costly. Considering the concept and structural characteristics of innovative and practical ability, and adhering to the idea of running practice through the whole process, we put forward the construction of three-dimensional innovation and practice platform which consists of “Synthetically Teaching Laboratory + Innovation Practice Base + Scientific Research Laboratory + Major Practice Base + Joint Teaching and Training Base”, and meanwhile build a whole-process progressive training mode to foster optoelectronic students’ innovative practical ability, following the process of “basic experimental skills training - professional experimental skills training - system design - innovative practice - scientific research project training - expanded training - graduation project”: (1) To create an in - class practical ability cultivation environment that has distinctive characteristics of the major, with the teaching laboratory as the basic platform; (2) To create an extra-curricular innovation practice activities cultivation environment that is closely linked to the practical application, with the innovation practice base as a platform for improvement; (3) To create an innovation practice training cultivation environment that leads the development of cutting-edge, with the scientific research laboratory as a platform to explore; (4) To create an out-campus expanded training environment of optoelectronic major practice and optoelectronic system teaching and training, with the major practice base as an expansion of the platform; (5) To break students’ “pre-job training barriers” between school and work, with graduation design as the comprehensive training and testing link.
In the past two decades, the development of nanophotonics, particularly photonic crystals, plasmonics, metamaterials and 2D material photonics, has led to the demonstration of many new and exotic optical phenomena that greatly changed our understanding of optics and electromagnetics. Bringing such cutting-edge knowledge to optical courses for undergraduate and postgraduate students can not only help the students better understand the fundamental principles of optics but also significantly increase their study interests. We have done this in the past several years and here we show some examples ranging from metamaterials to the optical responses of graphene.