We study the Turing instability to stationary spatial patterns in
reaction-transport systems with inertia. After a brief discussion of
hyperbolic reaction-diffusion equations and reaction-Cattaneo equations we focus on reaction random walks, which are the most
natural generalization of reaction-diffusion equations. We analyze
the effect of inertia in the transport on spatial instabilities of the homogeneous steady state. Direction-dependent reaction walks, where the interaction between particles depends on the direction
in which the particles are moving, allow us to take account of an energy requirement for reactive interactions, i.e., an activation energy, in the reaction-transport equation. We compare bifurcation conditions for direction-independent reaction walks and for direction-dependent reaction walks to assess the effect of inertia in the transport and the effect of activation energies in the kinetics on the Turing instability.