Proc. SPIE. 5805, Enabling Technologies for Simulation Science IX
KEYWORDS: Mathematical modeling, Visual process modeling, Visualization, Parallel processing, Computer simulations, Monte Carlo methods, Data processing, Parallel computing, Computer architecture, Systems modeling
As systems become more complex, particularly those containing embedded decision algorithms, mathematical modeling presents a rigid framework that often impedes representation to a sufficient level of detail. Using discrete event simulation, one can build models that more closely represent physical reality, with actual algorithms incorporated in the simulations. Higher levels of detail increase simulation run time. Hardware designers have succeeded in producing parallel and distributed processor computers with theoretical speeds well into the teraflop range. However, the practical use of these machines on all but some very special problems is extremely limited. The inability to use this power is due to great difficulties encountered when trying to translate real world problems into software that makes effective use of highly parallel machines.
This paper addresses the application of parallel processing to simulations of real world systems of varying inherent parallelism. It provides a brief background in modeling and simulation validity and describes a parameter that can be used in discrete event simulation to vary opportunities for parallel processing at the expense of absolute time synchronization and is constrained by validity. It focuses on the effects of model architecture, run-time software architecture, and parallel processor architecture on speed, while providing an environment where modelers can achieve sufficient model accuracy to produce valid simulation results. It describes an approach to simulation development that captures subject area expert knowledge to leverage inherent parallelism in systems in the following ways:
* Data structures are separated from instructions to track which instruction sets share what data. This is used to determine independence and thus the potential for concurrent processing at run-time.
* Model connectivity (independence) can be inspected visually to determine if the inherent parallelism of a physical system is properly represented. Models need not be changed to move from a single processor to parallel processor hardware architectures.
* Knowledge of the architectural parallelism is stored within the system and used during run time to allocate processors to processes in a maximally efficient way.
This paper attempts to address current issues as they pertain to planning tools used to support the allocation of resources over time in a battlespace environment. It is aimed at developing a mathematical foundation for planning tools that more accurately depict the future unfolding of a dynamic battlespace. It demonstrates that, when the planning process is formulated as an optimal control problem, the requirements for an embedded prediction system become clear and distinct.