We propose the modulation period and amplitude of the typical square wave phase bias modulation (SWPBM) applicable to a resonator-based interferometric fiber-optic gyroscope (R-IFOG) and theoretically study the performance of the R-IFOG under SWPBM. Under SWPBM of the proposed modulation period and amplitude, the R-IFOG possesses a performance distinct from that under the hypothetical time-independent phase bias. Also, the sensitivity of the R-IFOG with SWPBM to a slow rotation rate is boosted in comparison to that without phase bias, and the rotation direction can be indicated. Furthermore, the ultrahigh sensitivity can be attained by an R-IFOG of an extremely short fiber length when the R-IFOG with SWPBM consists of a high finesse resonator. Therefore, the SWPBM of the proposed modulation period and amplitude enables highly sensitive and compact integrated closed-loop R-IFOGs.
We report the experimental observation of dispersion transition from abnormal dispersion (fast light) to normal dispersion (slow light) in a side-coupled ring resonator. We reveal that the transition from fast light to slow light can occur, when the tuned loss of the resonator results in the experience from the undercoupled regime to the overcoupled regime. Also, we experimentally fabricate the fiber side-coupled ring resonator, and measure the group delay of the resonator by coupling the resonator to a fiber Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI). The measured experimental results demonstrate the dispersion transition, and are in good agreement with the corresponding theoretical results. The sidecoupled resonator with the tunable dispersion (group delay) can exploited for optical storage devices, slow light Fourier transform (FT) interferometric spectrometers, white light cavities (WLCs), optical switches, optical routers, and optical sensors.
We theoretically investigate the properties of the eye-like ring resonator (ERR) configuration as a highly sensitive temperature sensor. We theoretically calculate the temperature sensitivity and the temperature detection precision of the configuration as a temperature sensor. The temperature sensitivity and the temperature detection precision of our configuration can achieve 837.91/ °C and 0.015°C respectively. Furthermore, we optimize the parameters of the proposed ERR configuration to enhance the temperature sensitivity and the temperature detection precision. This proposed structure enables highly sensitive, compact and stable temperature sensors.