Infrared image enhancement is an important and necessary task in the infrared imaging system. In this paper, by defining the contrast in terms of the area between adjacent non-zero histogram, a novel analytical model is proposed to enlarge the areas so that the contrast can be increased. In addition, the analytical model is regularized by a penalty term based on the saliency value to enhance the salient regions as well. Thus, both of the whole images and salient regions can be enhanced, and the rank consistency can be preserved. The comparisons on 8-bit images show that the proposed method can enhance the infrared images with more details.
Standoff detection, identification and quantification of chemicals require sensitive spectrometers with calibration capabilities. We have developed a compact novel instrument that can not only provide imaging capability, bust also one that provides spectral capability of the field of view (FOV) center under the image-guided. The system employs a Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectrometer, coupled with chalcogenide glass optical fiber, and a specially designed infrared optic lens. A special kit provided by Bruker Optics is connected on the spectrometer to focus the infrared beam from the lens at the entry of the fiber. Its spectral range covers the infrared band from 1850cm<sup>-1</sup> to 5000cm<sup>-1</sup> and its spectral resolution could be chosen among six selected values 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32cm<sup>-1</sup>. This paper will address the issues of image-guided spectroscopy and will show how an instrument designed for specifically imaging applications can dramatically improve the performance of the system and quality of the data acquired. The benefit of these technologies in spectroscopy can be demonstrated with a system optimally designed for detecting spectral characteristics of moving targets.
Image-spectrum integrated instrument is an infrared scanning system which integrates optics, mechanics, electrics and information processing. Not only can it achieve scene imaging, but also it can detect, track and identify targets of interests in the scene through acquiring their spectra. After having a brief introduction to image-spectrum integrated instrument and analyzing how 2D scanning mirror works, this paper built 3D model of 2D scanning mirror and simulated its motion using two PCs basing on VC++ and ACIS/HOOPS. Two PCs communicate with each other through serial ports. One PC serves as host computer, on which controlling software runs, is responsible for loading image sequence, image processing, target detecting, and generating and sending motion commands to scanning mirror. The other serves as slave computer, on which scanning mirror motion simulation software runs, is responsible for receiving motion commands to control scanning mirror to finish corresponding movements. This method proposed in this paper adopted semi-physical virtual prototype technology and used real scene image sequence to control virtual 2D scanning mirror and simulates motion of real 2D scanning mirror. It has no need for real scanning mirror and is of important practical significance for debugging controlling software of 2D scanning mirror.
Emerging applications in Defense and Security require sensors with state-of-the-art sensitivity and capabilities. We have developed a compact novel instrument that can not only provide imaging capability, bust also one that provides spectral capability of the field of view (FOV) center under the imaging guided. The absolute radiance accuracy of an instrument is one of its fundamental characteristics. In order to meet the highest radiometric precision and accuracy, we give two specific calibration methods: two-point calibration and multi-point segmentation calibration. This paper presents the results of the analysis of the radiometric calibration of this instrument, with emphasis on the temporal behavior of the instrument response.